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完美美式发音两步走

时间:2010-06-15 18:12  作者:  来源:

一 、第一步:元音
1、4个双元音

美语音标最大的区别在于其中的元音,过去学过的元音是单元音,但美语中所学的是双元音
1){e}-{ei}
age, game, day
sentence: More haste, less speed.欲速则不达
第一步把每个音发准
第二步加上声调
练习: It’s pay day today 今天是发工资的日子
2){o}-{ou}结尾停在u
boat, note, so
美语发音的特点:尽量在口腔的后部把音发出来。
sentence: I hope so.
练习:He posed for a group of photo with his old fellows.
注:美语中常常对a和the进行变音,目的是为了强调
eg:
This is the best opportunity we ever have to enter the market.
3) {a}-{ai}
bike, mine, flight
this bike of mine
sentence: All right.
注:all不要卷舌
练习:Out of sight, out of mind 眼不见,心不烦
4) how
out, now about
sentence: Let’ s get out of here.
It’s kind of tough.
It’s kind of torture to read mathematics everyday.
练习: This is out-and-out power politics. 这是彻头彻尾的强权政治
2、2个后元音
1){半圆两点}
发音技巧:尽量往最里吞这个音
not, bottle, hot, job, hospital
sentence: It’s a promise.
练习:little red lorry 红色小卡车
2){u}
good ,book, should
sentence: She’s looking at a good book.
更多例子: new  student  attitude  due
I am for this position.
3、辅音t的发音

writer, letter, better, city,
发音变化一:浊化
浊化原则1:t处在非重读音节要浊化
如:writer, letter, better, city,
浊化原则2:t处在重读音节不能浊化
如:Italian, attack, atomic, Latino, photographer
浊化对比:
Italy, attic(阁楼)
atom(原子), Latin, photograph
发音变化二:t在词组中的发音变化:
练习:pick it up
I got it.
right away
发音变化三:t发音的特殊情况:
当t发的很快,就会变成n的音
internet
interview
interesting
representative
发音变化四:失去爆破
right now, just now
发音变化五:t的音从鼻子里出来(美音,英音都有的一种特殊情况)
Britain, mountain, fountain 
4、r的发音
1)r在单词中的发音
练习: Rolly rolled a round roll around the road.
spare, burglar, dirty, porch, more
2)r带动后面元音的发音
world  girl  pearl
The girls are the pearls in the world.
原则:只有字母r存在才能卷舌
经常发错的音:China, America, idea
二、美语中的变音现象
1、 连读
1) 相同辅音的连读
bad dog  注意:不可以把音节给吞掉,只是这个音节不发音
like candy 
ripe pear
some money
The report turned out to be totally false.这份报告完全是一派胡言。
2) 辅音+元音
It’s easy. Where’s our car? Come on in. What time is it now?
Figure it out. for example
中高级口译中常常出现的连读词汇: of all ages
crude oil
a couple of
travel agency
your own
our own
set in motion
3) 元音+元音

be on time
注:元音i后面再跟一个元音,两个元音间要加入一个“耶”的音
stay up
flow out
注:元音o后面再跟一个元音,两个元音间要加入一个“我”的音
grow up
She works day in and day out.
连读小结:

相同辅音的连读
辅音+元音的连读
元音+元音的连读
2、失爆(吞读)
两个爆破音连接在一起时出现失爆(吞读)
什么是爆破音:p, b, k, g, t, d 
六个爆破音任何一个后面紧接着另一个爆破音或摩擦音或鼻音时,前一个爆破音将失去爆破。
lap top
great deal
good time
the Red Cross
a fast train
a big change
currently
probably
say it proudly and loudly
at last
3、缩读
and---n: Do you know Nancy and David? Tom and Jerry
are you---ya: Ya going to the movie tonight? What ya doing here?
缩读的原则:
1、 绝对不会是重点音节,不可以重读
2、 只能出现在非正式场合
do you----dy’a : how dy’a feel now? How dy’a like the movie?
did you---dja: how dja make it?
because—cause: I don’t like her cause she’s mean
could have—could’a : you could’a hurt yourself. (should ,would same)
could not have---couldn’a He couldn’a done that.
can---cn: I can be there in an hour.  
I can do a lot of things that other people can not do it.
give me : Gimme that!
going to ---gonna. Want to ---Wanna
got to---gotta: I gotta see him right now.
he---e : Who’s he?
her---er: This is her husband
him---im: Tell him the story.
of---o:
He’s sort of a strange. ---He’s sorta strange.
It ‘s kind of a tough. ---It’s kinda tough.
probably---prob’ly: He’ll prob’ly come for dinner. currently---curren’ly
sure----sher. Sher, I want some bread.
what if----wud if : What if we went to the movie? (what if 句型要掌握)
what are you----wacha doin now?
you----ya: Catch ya later. See you later.
最后练习:

五步分析法:

1、 划出段落中的双元音、后元音
2、 找出这段话中的吞读和连读
3、 划好本段话中的停顿
4、 标注好每段话的升降调
5、 熟读段落

The single market has already had an enormous impact. Here in Spain there have been a great number of cross-border mergers and acquisitions where French and German companies have seen opportunities to enter a growing market. And as the barriers have been removed this has become more and more possible.
As far as specific industries have been concerned, well, food and drink, for example, is an industry which you would think was very culturally bound, but we have seen over the last ten years how much eating and drinking habits have changed, and this is very much a function of a single market. French companies have been particularly aggressive in this area.



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