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英语背诵精选 The English and the Americans MP3 中英对照

时间:2010-10-26 20:59  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

英语背诵精选 The English and the Americans MP3 中英对照

 

 

The contrasting English and American patterns have some remarkable implications, particularly if we assume that man, like other animals, has a built-in need to shut himself off from others from time to time. An English student in one of my seminars typified what happens when hidden patterns clash. He was quite obviously experiencing strain in his relationships with Americans. Nothing seemed to go right and it was quite clear from his remarks that we did not know how to behave. An analysis of his complaints showed that a major source of irritation was that no American seemed to be able to pick up the subtle clues that there were times when he didn’t want his thoughts intruded on. As he started it, “I’m walking around the apartment and it seems that whenever I want to be alone my roommate starts talking to me. Pretty soon he’s asking ‘What’s the matter?’ and wants to know if I’m angry. By then I am angry and say something.”

It took some time but finally we were able to identify most of the contrasting features of the American and Britain problems that were in conflict in this case. When the American wants to be alone he goes into a room and shuts the door---he depends on architectural features for screening. For an American to refuse to talk to someone else present in the same room, to give them the “silent treatment,” is the ultimate form of rejection and a sure sign of great displeasure. The English, on the other hand, lacking rooms of their own since childhood, never developed the practice of using space as a refuge from others. They have in effect internalized a set of barriers, which they erect and which others are supposed to recognize. Therefore, the more the Englishman shuts himself off when he is with an American the more likely the American is to break in to assure himself that all is well. Tension lasts until the two get to know each other. The important point is that the spatial and architectural needs of each are not the same at all.
Excerpt From The Hidden Dimension:
Man's Use of Space in Public and Private
By Edward T.Hall

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Edward Twitchell Hall, Jr. 爱德华 豪尔(May 16, 1914 – July 20, 2009) ,人类学家和跨文化研究者。他提出了高低背景文化的概念作为理解不同文化取向的一种方式。高背景文化:一条信息的语言所包含的信息量低于低背景文化的语言信息量,大部分的信息隐含在沟通接触的过程中,涉及到参与沟通人员的背景、所属社团及其基本值观。   低背景文化:信息的表达比较直接明确,语言是沟通中大部分信息的载体。

主要著作:The Silent Language (1959) The Hidden Dimension (1966)  The Fourth Dimension In Architecture: The Impact of Building on Behavior (1975, co-authored with Mildred Reed Hall)
Beyond Culture (1976)  The Dance of Life: The Other Dimension of Time (1983) Handbook for Proxemic Research  Hidden Differences: Doing Business with the Japanese  An Anthropology of Everyday Life: An Autobiography (1992, Doubleday, New York)  Understanding Cultural Differences - Germans, French and Americans (1993, Yarmouth, Maine)
West of the Thirties. Discoveries Among the Navajo and Hopi (1994, Doubleday, New York etc.

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