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高二英语人教新课标选修6 unit 2 Poems课文翻译

时间:2012-02-24 20:58  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

  高二人教新课标选修6 unit 2 Poems课文翻译

  Reading 1

  A FEW SIMPLE FORMS OF ENGLISH POEMS

  There are various reasons why people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression. Others try to convey certain emotions. Poets use many different forms of poetry to express themselves. In this text, however, we will look at a few of the simpler forms.

  Some of the first poetry a young child learns in English is nursery rhymes. These rhymes like the one on the right (A) are still a common type of children's poetry. The language is concrete but imaginative, and they delight small children because they rhyme, have strong rhythm and a lot of repetition. The poems may not make sense and even seem contradictory, but they are easy to learn and recite. By playing with the words in nursery rhymes, children learn about language.

  A 

  Hush, little baby, don't say a word,

  Papa's going to buy you a mockingbird.

  If that mockingbird won't sing,

  Papa's going to buy you a diamond ring.

  If that diamond ring turns to brass,

  Papa's going to buy you a looking-glass.

  If that looking-glass gets broke,

  Papa's going to buy you a billy-goat.

  If that billy-goat runs away,

  Papa's going to buy you another today.

  One of the simplest kinds of poems are those like B and C that list things. List poems have a flexible line length and repeated phrases which give both a pattern and a rhythm to the poem. Some rhyme (like B) while others do not (like C).

  Bwww.2abc8.com

  I saw a fish-pond all on fire

  l saw a fish-pond all on fire,

  I saw a house bow to a squire,

  I saw a person twelve-feet high,

  I saw a cottage in the sky,

  I saw a balloon made of lead,

  I saw a coffin drop down dead,

  I saw two sparrows run a race,

  I saw two horses making lace,

  I saw a girl just like a cat,

  I saw a kitten wear a hat,

  I saw a man who saw these too,

  And said though strange they all were true.

  C

  Our first football match

  We would have won ...

  if Jack had scored that goal,

  if we'd had just a few more minutes,

  if we had trained harder,

  if Ben had passed the ball to Joe,www.2abc8.com

  if we'd had thousands of fans screaming,

  if I hadn't taken my eye off the ball,

  if we hadn't stayed up so late the night before,

  if we hadn't taken it easy,

  if we hadn't run out of energy.

  We would have won ...

  if we'd been better!

 

  Another simple form of poem that students can easily write is the cinquain, a poem made up of five lines. With these, students can convey a strong picture in just a few words. Look at the examples (D and E) on the top of the next page.

  D

  Brother

  Beautiful, athletic

  Teasing, shouting, laughing

  Friend and enemy too

  Mine

  E

  Summer

  Sleepy, salty

  Drying, drooping, dreading

  Week in, week out

  Endless

  Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry that is made up of 17 syllables. It is not a traditional form of English poetry, but is very popular with English writers. It is easy to write and, like the cinquain, can give a clear picture and create a special feeling using the minimum of words. The two haiku poems (F and G) above are translations from the Japanese.

  F

  A fallen blossom

  Is coming back to the branch.

  Look, a butterfly!

  (by Moritake)

  Gwww.2abc8.com

  Snow having melted,

  The whole village is brimful

  Of happy children.

  (by Issa)

  Did you know that English speakers also enjoy other forms of Asian poetry — Tang poems from China in particular? A lot of Tang poetry has been translated into English. This Tang poem (H) is a translation from the Chinese.

  With so many different forms of poetry to choose from, students may eventually want to write poems of their own. It is easier than you might think and certainly worth a try!

  H

  Where she awaits her husband

  On and on the river flows.

  Never looking back,

  Transformed into stone.

  Day by day upon the mountain top,

  wind and rain revolve.

  Should the journeyer return,

  this stone would utter speech.

  (by Wang Jian)

  简体英文诗

 

 

  人们写诗有着各种各样的理由。有些诗是为了叙事,或者说是描述某件事并给读者以强烈的印象。而有些诗则是为了传达某种感情。诗人用许多不同格式的诗来表达自己的情感。本文只谈了几种格式比较简 单的诗。

  孩子们最早学习的英文诗是童谣。像右边的这首童谣(A)至今仍然是常见的。童谣的语言具体但富 有想象力,这能使小孩子们快乐,因为它们押韵,节奏感强,并较多重复。童谣不一定有什么意义,甚至 (有的)看来自相矛盾,但是它们容易学,也容易背诵。通过童谣中的文字游戏,孩子们学习了语言。

 

  (A)www.2abc8.com

  小宝宝,别说话,

  爸爸给你买个小嘲鸟。

  小嘲鸟,不会唱,

  爸爸给你买个钻石戒。

 

  钻石戒,变成铜,

  爸爸给你买个小镜子。

  小镜子,打破了,

  爸爸给你买个小山羊。

  小山羊,跑掉了。

  爸爸今天再去给你买一只。

  像(B)和(C)这样的列举事物的清单诗是诗歌中最简单的一种。清单诗可长可短,可以重复一些 短语,较为灵活,形成固定句型和诗的节奏。有些清单诗有韵脚(如B) ,但有一些没有(如C)。

  (B)

  我看到鱼塘在燃烧www.2abc8.com

 

  我看到鱼塘在燃烧,

  我看到房子向地主哈腰。

  我看到人高一丈八,

  我看到茅屋在天郊。

  我看到汽球用铝做,

  我看到棺材把死人抛。

 

 

  我看到两只麻雀在赛跑,

  我看到两匹马儿绣花包。

  我看到姑娘像只猫,

  我看到小猫戴花帽。

  我看到有人在一旁瞄,

  虽奇怪,但也把实情报。

 

  (C)

  我们的第一场球赛

 

  我们本来会得冠….. .

  如果杰克踢进了那个球,

  如果我们还有几分钟,

  如果我们训练得更严格,

  如果本把球传给了乔,www.2abc8.com

  如果有大批球迷助威,

 

  如果我死死盯住球,

  如果我们头晚不熬夜,

  如果我们没有放松警惕,

 

  如果我们没有精疲力竭,

  我们本来是会得冠......

  如果我们能干得更好!

 

  另外一种学生容易写的简体诗是由五行组成的,叫做五行诗。用五行诗,学生可以用少量的词语传递一幅动人的画面。请看下一页上端的D和E两个例子。

 

  (D)

  兄弟

  爱美,又爱运动www.2abc8.com

  爱闹,爱叫,又爱笑

  是我的朋友

  也是我的敌人

 

  (E)

  夏天

  困乏,咸涩

  干润,枯萎,恐怖

  周而复始 永无止境

 

  徘句诗(Haiku)是一种日本诗,由17个音节组成。它不属英诗的传统形式,但是在用英语写作的人 们中间,这种诗也是很流行的。它容易写,而且像五行诗一样,它可以用最少的词语呈现出一幅清晰的画面,表达出一种特殊的感情。下面两首徘句诗(右边的F和G)就是从日文翻译出来的。

 

  (F)

  落下的花朵

  回到了树枝上。

  瞧啊,是个蝴蝶!

 

  (作者: Moritake)www.2abc8.com

 

  (G)

  雪儿融化了,

  整个村庄充满着

  欢乐的儿童。

  (作者: Issa)

 

  你知道吗?说英语的人也喜欢其他类型的亚洲诗,尤其是中国的唐诗,许多唐诗已经被翻译成英文了。下面这首唐诗(H)就是从中文翻译过来的。

  (H)

  望夫石

  王健

  望夫处,江悠悠。

  化为石,不回头。

  山头日日风复雨,www.2abc8.com

  行人归来石应语。

  有了这么多可供选择的诗歌类型,学生们最终也许想自己作诗了。写诗比你想象的要容易,绝对值得 一试。

   TAG标签高二 翻译 新课标 人教 课文 unit 2 选修 6 Poems

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