手机版
英语学习_英语试题_高中英语作文-爱英语吧

爱英语吧 > 阅读 > 神话故事 >  > 正文

罗马神话天后朱诺Juno中英文介绍和英文money单词的来源

时间:2011-03-30 22:43  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

罗马神话天后朱诺Juno中英文介绍和英文money单词的来源

Juno (Latin pronunciation: [ˈjuːnoː]) was an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state. She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief god Jupiter and the mother of Mars and Vulcan. Her Greek equivalent is Hera. As the patron goddess of Rome and the Roman empire she was called Regina ("queen") and, together with Jupiter and Minerva, was worshipped as a triad on the Capitol (Juno Capitolina) in Rome.

Juno's own warlike aspect among the Romans is apparent in her attire. She often appeared armed and wearing a goatskin cloak. The traditional depiction of this warlike aspect was assimilated from the Greek goddess Athena, whose goatskin was called the 'aegis'.

In Roman mythology, Moneta (Latin Monēta) was a title given to two separate goddesses: the goddess of memory (identified with the Greek goddess Mnemosyne) and an epithet of Juno, called Juno Moneta (Latin Iūno Monēta). The latter's name is source of numerous words in English and the Romance languages, including the word "money".

 

Juno Moneta, an epithet of Juno, was the protectress of funds. As such, money in ancient Rome was coined in her temple. The word "moneta" is where we get the words "money", or "monetize", used by writers such as Ovid, Martial, Juvenal, and Cicero. In several modern languages including Russian and Italian, moneta is the word for "coin."

As with the goddess Moneta, Juno Moneta's name is derived either from the Latin monēre, since, as protectress of funds, she "warned" of instability or more likely from the Greek "moneres" meaning "alone, unique", an epithet that every mother has.

Juno来自罗马神话,是朱庇特(Jupiter)的妻子,罗马神话是由希腊神话为参照的 所以朱诺Juno相对应于希腊神话的赫拉Hera(Jupiter就相当于Zeus) 她是一位漂亮又善妒的女人,容不得她丈夫宙斯爱上其他的女人,偏偏宙斯风流成性,爱上很多女人,当然这些女人最後都遭殃。Juno是婚姻的保护神,专门保护结婚的妇女,是已婚妇女求助的对象。据说这位女神主司人类阴元,和佛教中的观音一样掌管妇女生活的方方面面。史书说,当时人们为敬奉她,每年的三月和七月都举行盛大的祭祀活动,还修造了高大的女神庙宇。十二个月的名称大都起源于拉丁文,更有许多名称源自古希腊罗马神话中的神名。 其中6月June就是由JUNO来的,因为JUNO是婚姻的保护神,所以古罗马人认为六月是结婚最好的月分。

Money的原词曾经是个名字,是古罗马宗教女神朱诺(Juno)的绰号。这们主司阴元的女神与金钱本无瓜葛,可碰巧在供奉女神的寺庙内古罗马人建造欧洲第一家铸币厂(mint)。这样女神的名字就用于表示“造币之地”并进一步发展成硬币(coin)之意。最后女神的别名彻底变成了英语中货币的统用名称。

也不知后人是否冒犯了古罗马主神朱庇特(Jupiter),他夫人的名字被凡间用来当钱使不会有不敬之嫌吧!

TAG标签来源 介绍 money 罗马神话 朱诺 Juno