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The God of Land 土地公/土地神/后土/社神中英文介绍

时间:2011-08-01 23:25  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

The God of Land, commonly known as “Lord of Land”, “Land Master” or “Land Divinity”, may be the lowest-ranking and most unnoticed god of all divinities, but it’s one of the most-widely worshipped gods among the Chinese people. In the past, nearly all households enshrined the God of Land, with temples of various sizes dedicated to the god scattered in urban and rural areas, attracting a large number of pilgrims.

The worship of Land God stems from the worship of land in remote antiquity. In ancient agricultural society, land was held in high esteem, because it produces agriculture, food and clothing. At that time, earth was piled up and respected as a god, to whom offerings were given and homage was paid. The Chinese character “tu” (earth, land) is shaped like a pile of earth on the ground.

The earliest land god in China was called “she” and sacrificial ceremonies in honor of the god were called “she ji”. These terms were recorded in the Classic of Poetry. The earliest land god was just a symbolic earth pile. Along with the development of social life, the color of nature worshipping gradually faded away and a lot of social functions were given to the God of Land, which became more and more personified. The earliest personified land god was Jiang Ziwen of the Han Dynasty, who was worshipped as the Land God of the Zhongshan Mountain in the Three Kingdoms Period.

There’s a roughly unified image of the God of Land enshrined by the people. It’s a benign-looking old man with gray hair and white beard, wearing a long robe and a black hat. In folk culture, a spouse called “Land Grandma” or “Land Granny” has been created to accompany the God of Land.
土地神又称“福德正神”、“土地公公”、“土地公”、“土地爷”“后土”、“土正”、“社神”、“土伯”。其庙宇则称为“土地庙”、“伯公庙”、“福德正神庙”等。民间信仰最为普遍的众神之一,流行于汉族地区及部分受汉族文化影响的少数民族也有信仰。我国民间供奉的土地神有,远古的“句龙”、“后土”、“共工”,周朝的“张福德”,三国时期的“蒋子文”,唐代的“韩愈”,南宋的“岳飞”等。传农历二月初二为土地公诞辰,八月十五日,为其成道升天日。
土地公是商人崇拜的财神,每个月的初二、十六,都要祭拜土地公,称为『做迓』(或做牙)。农历二 月二日叫做『头迓』,十二月十六日叫做『尾迓』,尤其尾牙商家更是为了答谢员工一年的辛苦,请吃『尾牙』宴。

TAG标签中英文介绍 土地公