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Kitchen God 灶神 中英文简介

时间:2011-08-01 23:34  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

In Chinese folk religion and Chinese mythology, the Kitchen God, named Zao Jun (Chinese: 灶君; Pinyin: Zào Jūn; literally "stove master", Cantonese: Joe3 Gwan4) or Zao Shen (Chinese: 灶神; Pinyin: Zào Shén; literally "stove god" or "stove spirit"), is the most important of a plethora of Chinese domestic gods that protect the hearth and family with the addition of being celebrated in Vietnamese culture as well.
 
It is believed that on the twenty third day of the twelfth lunar month, just before Chinese New Year he returns to Heaven to report the activities of every household over the past year to the Jade Emperor (Yu Huang). The Jade Emperor, emperor of the heavens, either rewards or punishes a family based on Zao Jun's yearly report.
灶神,也称灶王、灶君、灶王爷、灶公灶母、东厨司命、灶司爷爷(浙江衢州称),中国古代神话传说中的司饮食之神。晋以后则列为督察人间善恶的司命之神。自人类脱离茹毛饮血,发明火食以后,随着社会生产的发展,灶就逐渐与人类生活密切相关。崇拜灶神也就成为诸多拜神活动的一项重要内容。故《礼记·祭法》中“王为群姓立七祀”,即有一祀为“灶”,而庶士、庶人立一祀,“或立户,或立灶”。 中国古代就祭祀灶神。魏晋以后,灶神有了姓名。隋杜台卿《玉烛宝典》引《灶书》称,“灶神,姓苏,名吉利,妇名搏颊”。冀中地区供张奎、高兰英。

TAG标签中英文简介 Kitchen God 灶神