时间:2011-08-22 11:17 作者:admin 来源:英伦网
维维安·韦斯特伍德 Vivienne Westwood（1941-04-08～ ) 英国时装设计师，时装界的“朋克之母”。出身于一个来自北英格兰的工人家庭。她曾是朋克运动的显赫人物，她的成就要归于她的第二任丈夫麦尔考姆·麦克拉文——英国著名摇滚乐队“性枪手”的组建者和经纪人的启发与指点。她使摇滚具有了典型的外表，撕口子或挖洞的T恤、拉链、色情口号、金属挂链等，并一直影响至今。
English Eccentrics: The Iconoclast 朋克之母
也许你印象中的英国人都是循规蹈矩彬彬有礼。但英国历史上也不乏我行我素的奇特人物。BBC 最新推出的六集系列将为大家介绍六位古怪的英国人– English Eccentrics.
This week we find out about Britain's most famous living fashion designer: Vivienne Westwood.
She might be the queen of British fashion, but what does she think of the actual British queen? As we find out in this programme, the answer is far from straightforward.
You will also learn some useful phrases for describing clothes, such as to dress up, to cut a figure and to be flashy.
TAG标签： 朋克之母 Vivienne Westwood 维维安 韦斯特伍德
William: Have you heard about the famous fashion designer who doesn't
ever read fashion magazines?
Helen: Ahh. 啊 – 是不是那个有自己时装品牌但却又叫大家不要买衣服的设计师？
William: She is indeed. We're talking about the grand old lady of British
fashion – Dame Vivienne Westwood.
Helen: 我是 Helen.
William: And I'm William. Now, the first thing that we should say is that
Vivienne Westwood has said she doesn't like being called an
eccentric. But at the same time she is someone who has always
celebrated being different. I would call her an iconoclast.
Helen: An iconoclast 就是指那些攻击传统观念或风俗的人。虽然维维安韦斯特伍德
William: She first became famous in the late 1970s. She and her partner
Malcolm McLaren were at the forefront of the punk movement. In
fact, she says that they invented punk.
Helen: Punk music 朋克音乐的风格是很吵闹的摇滚乐。
链，剃须刀片跟 17 和 18 世纪流传下来的服装款式融合在一起。
William: Perhaps her most famous act of iconoclasm came in 1977, when
she created a T-shirt with a picture of the Queen with a safety pin
through her lip.
Helen: 1977 年是英女王加冕 25 周年的庆典。所以这个 T 恤衫设计和 Sex Pistols
William: But what does Vivienne Westwood think about that T-shirt now?
Let's listen to her speaking in 2009 on the BBC programme Hard
But nevertheless it was also having a good time and being quite generous in a
way, for example putting the safety pin in the Queen’s lip. It was against the
Queen but it was also a bit, you know: ‘Anybody can be a punk kind of idea as
well.’ But that was created especially for the Queen’s jubilee.
William: Vivienne Westwood said that the infamous image was quite
generous because it was saying that anyone – even the queen,
could be a punk.
Helen: Hmm – but she also said it was against the Queen.
William: Well yeah, and there's a contradiction here that tells us a lot about
Vivienne Westwood. She used the Queen's picture to shock people,
but in fact she has been inspired by the way that the Royal family
dresses and she is now friends with Prince Charles.
Helen: Hmm – 她在接受勋章时也碰到过女王吧。
William: That's right – but that was also quite controversial. Listen to this
Stephen Sackur: But you did go, you went to Buckingham Palace and
collected your OBE, your award, with no knickers on.
Vivienne Westwood: I know but then I don't wear knickers and I was just
showing them my skirt. That is I mean, you can say what
you like I mean, luckily people liked me for that, I was so
William: Yes, she said that she was showing the photographers the skirt she
was wearing but she ended up showing them rather more than that!
Helen: Oh dear!
最近，Vivienne Westwood 热衷于提高人们对气候变化的意识。针对环保时
William: In this next clip, we'll hear Dame Vivienne use several phrases.
Here's the first one: to dress up.
William: To cut a figure
William: To be flashy
William: Let's listen to the clip. You'll hear that Vivienne Westwood doesn't
think that you need to buy lots of clothes in order to dress up and
cut a figure.
I think dressing up is really really great, I think it's nice to be visual, to sort of
step out and cut a figure. And there are some people who would take the
opposite view, they think, you know "Well, I'm really concerned with the world,
I'm going to consume less and not be flashy in any way." My idea is to buy less
clothes, choose incredibly well and care what you wear and I think there's real
status in these hard times in wearing clothes that fall off your back, keep wearing
the same clothes. If you choose well and just love them then you're always going
to look great.
William: There's real status in wearing the same clothes until they are so old
they fall off your back!
Helen: Shall we have a quick recap before we finish?
Helen: Vivienne 见女王授勋时，没穿哪件衣服？
William: Her knickers.
Helen: Yes. 还有穿着得体，漂亮可以用什么短语来表达？
William: Join us again next week to find out about another English Eccentric.
Helen: Bye bye.