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水调歌头翻译 明月几时有 苏轼 水调歌头·明月几时有英译

时间:2011-12-05 22:35  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

水调歌头·明月几时有 这首词是公元1076年(宋神宗熙宁九年)中秋作者在密州时所作。这首词反映了作者复杂而又矛盾的思想感情。一方面,说明作者怀有远大的政治抱负,当时虽已41岁,并且身处远离京都的密州,政治上很不得意,但他对现实、对理想仍充满了信心;另方面,由于政治失意,理想不能实现,才能不得施展,因而对现实产生一种强烈的不满,滋长了消极避世的思想感情。不过,贯穿始终的却是词中所表现出的那种热爱生活与积极向上的乐观精神。

水调歌头·明月几时有(原词)

  丙辰中秋,欢饮达旦,大醉,作此篇,兼怀子由。

  明月几时有,把酒问青天。不知天上宫阙,今夕是何年。我欲乘风归去,又恐琼楼玉宇,高处不胜寒。起舞弄清影,何似在人间。 转朱阁,低绮户,照无眠。不应有恨,何事长向别时圆?人有悲欢离合,月有阴晴圆缺,此事古难全。但愿人长久,千里共婵娟。


译文

丙辰年的中秋节,高兴地喝酒(直)到(第二天)早晨,(喝到)大醉,写了这首(词),同时怀念(弟弟苏辙)子由。

明月什么时候出现的?(我)端着酒杯问青天。不知道天上的神仙宫阙里,现在是什么年代了。(传说神仙世界里只过几天,地下已是几千年,故此设问。)我想乘着风回到天上(好象自己本来就是从天上下到人间来的,所以说“归去”),只怕玉石砌成的美丽月宫,在高空中经受不住寒冷(传说月中宫殿叫广寒宫)。在浮想联翩中,对月起舞,清影随人,仿佛乘云御风,置身天上,哪里像在人间!

月亮转动,照遍了华美的楼阁,夜深时,月光又低低地透进雕花的门窗里,照着心事重重不能安眠的人。月亮既圆,便不应有恨了,但为什么常常要趁着人们离别的时候团圆呢?人的遭遇,有悲哀、有欢乐、有离别、也有团聚;月亮呢,也会遇到阴、睛、圆、缺;这种情况,自古以来如此,难得十全十美。只愿我们都健康和长在,虽然远离千里,却能共同欣赏这美丽的月色。

  许渊冲先生译作:

  How long will the full moon appear?

  Wine cup in hand, I ask the sky.

  I do not know what time of the year

  ‘Twould be tonight in the palace on high.

  Riding the wind, there I would fly,

  Yet I‘m afraid the crystalline palace would be

  Too high and cold for me.

  I rise and dance, with my shadow I play.

  On high as on earth, would it be as gay?

  The moon goes round the mansions red

  Through gauze-draped window soft to shed

  Her light upon the sleepless bed.

  Why then when people part, is the oft full and bright?

  Men have sorrow and joy; they part or meet again;

  The moon is bright or dim and she may wax or wane.

  There has been nothing perfect since the olden days.

  So let us wish that man

  Will live long as he can!

  Though miles apart, we‘ll share the beauty she displays.

  林语堂先生译作:

  How rare the moon, so round and clear!

  With cup in hand, I ask of the blue sky,

  "I do not know in the celestial sphere

  What name this festive night goes by?"

  I want to fly home, riding the air,

  But fear the ethereal cold up there,

  The jade and crystal mansions are so high!

  Dancing to my shadow,

  I feel no longer the mortal tie.

  She rounds the vermilion tower,

  Stoops to silk-pad doors,

  Shines on those who sleepless lie.

  Why does she, bearing us no grudge,

  Shine upon our parting, reunion deny?

  But rare is perfect happiness——

  The moon does wax, the moon does wane,

  And so men meet and say goodbye.

  I only pray our life be long,

  And our souls together heavenward fly!

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