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牛津译林出版社高一英语必修一知识点总结

时间:2013-01-08 22:09  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

牛津译林出版社高中英语必修1 Module 1 Unit l   School life
 1.①What is sb. like?指某人的长相、品德如何。
    What is your history teacher like?你们的历史老师长相如何?
    ②What is sth. like?指某物是什么样子的。
    What is your dream school life like?你梦想中的校园生活是什么样子的?
 2.①a teacher with twenty years of experience一位有二十年教学经验的老师
    ②a very enjoyable and exciting experience一段非常开心、非常兴奋的经历
    ③experience the different way of life体验不同的生活方式
    ④an experienced doctor 一位有经验的医生;be experienced in在…方面有经验
 3.be happy with=be satisfied with对……感到满意
 4.than usual比平常
    He arrived earlier than usual today.他今天比平常到得早。
 5.attend assembly参加展会 an assembly hall会议厅 hold an assembly举行集会
  at assembly在晨会上
 6.next to在旁边;在隔壁
    We sat next to each other.我们紧挨着坐在一起。
    The hotel is next to the church旅馆就在教堂的隔壁。
 7.①tell sb. of/about sth向某人谈论某事
    The newspapers tell us of/about what is happening. 报纸把发生的事告知我们。
    ②tell sb. sth =tell sth to sb.告诉某人某事
    I told the good news to everybody.我把好消息告诉了大家。
 8.the way to do sth =the way of doing sth做某事的方法
   Scientists are trying to find ways to prevent this disease.=Scientists are trying to find ways of
   preventing this disease.科学家正设法找到预防这种疾病的方法。
 9.earn respect赢得尊敬 earn a/one's living by doing sth.靠做某事谋生
  earmngs工资,收入;利润,收益
10.①show/have respect for sb.尊重某人
    Children should show respect for their teachers.学生要尊{
    ②respect sb. for sth因为某事而敬重某人
    I respect you for your honesty.由于你为人正直,我对你十分敬重。
11.devote oneself to sth. /doing sth.=be devoted to sth./doing sth.
  把生命(时间,精力等)投入……
    OShe devoted herself to her career.她全力倾注于自己的事j
    ~The students are devoted to their studies.学生们专心学习
12.sound like听起来像,后接名词或者从句
    You sounded just like your father when you said that.你说这话,听着跟你父亲一模一样。
   It sounds like there is something wrong with the fax machine.It beeps all the time.
   传真机听起来好像有点问题。它不停地嘟嘟响。
13.a class teacher=a head teacher班主任
14.on (an/the)average作为平均数;按平均数计算
  above/below average在一般水平以上/以下 an average of…平均有……
  the average man普通人
15.①a struggle for对……来说是一件难事
    It was a struggle for Tony to move the big trunk into the car.
    对于托尼来说,把这只大箱子装进汽车是一件费劲的事。
    ②struggle for为争取……而斗争
    They struggled for peace.他们为和平而战。
    ③struggle against/with与……作斗争
    The old man has been struggling with illness.这位老人一直在与病魔斗争。
  ④struggle to do sth.努力做某事
  She struggled to keep back the tears.她努力忍住眼泪。
16.①used to do sth. 过去常常做某事
   I used to live with grandparents,but I live my own home now.
   过去我和祖父母住在一起,但现在我有我自己的家了。
    ②sth. be used to do sth.某物被用来做某事
    Wood is used to make paper.木头用来造纸。
    ③sb. be used to doing sth.某人习惯于做某事
    I am not used to eatmg so much at lunchtime.我不习惯午餐吃那么多。
17.①a little=a bit=a little bit 一点(修饰动词、形容词、副词及其比较级)
    Your article is a little/a bit/a little bit long.你的文章长了一点。
    ②a little=a bit of 一点(修饰不可数名词)
    There's only a little/a bit of food left for lunch.午餐只剩一点儿食物了。
    ③not a little很、非常、十分
    He wasn't a little hungry.他非常饿。
    ④not a bit 一点也不
    He wasn't a bit hungry.他一点也不饿。
18.challenging work具有挑战性的工作 meet the challenge迎接挑战
    challenge sb. to sth向某人挑战某事
19.at first当初,起先(与后来发生的事相对照)
    first of all首先,第一(表示时间上的顺序或一系列行动的开始)
20.improve a lot进步很大;read a lot阅读广泛
21.during the lunch break在午餐休息时间;have a break休息一下
22.for free=for nothing=free of charge免费,不要钱
    I got this ticket for free.我免费得到这张票。
    She is always trying to get something for nothing.她总想不劳而获。
    Please take it,free of charge.请拿走吧,这是免费的。
23.do extra work做额外工作,加班;charge extra另外收费
24.①good/great fun 一个很有趣的人,一件很有趣的事
    Her baby is great fun.她的宝宝非常好玩。
    Skating is good fun滑冰很有趣。
    ②What fun!多么有趣!
25.①prepare food配菜 ②prepare sth.准备某事;prepare for sth.为某事作准备
    ③prepare to do sth.准备做某事 ④make preparations for(动词)为……作准备
    ⑤in preparation for(介词)为……作准备
26.at the end of term在学期末at the end of the street在路之尽头
    at the end of one's patience已无耐性
27.be fond of喜爱,喜欢
    Sheila's very fond of telling other people what to do. 希拉好对别人指手划脚。
28.miss sb. /sth想念某人/某物 miss an opportunity错过机会
  miss doing sth逃脱,免于做某事
29.look back on回忆,回顾
    She can look back on her career with great satisfaction她回顾自己的经历觉得心满意足。
30.to one's satisfaction使某人感到满意的是 with satisfaction满意地
    express one's satisfaction at/with对……表示满意


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