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relief的用法详解

时间:2020-06-17 08:40  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

relief 的确是一个不可数名词,但是它也是一个只有单数形式的名词a singular noun这就意味着它没有复数形式,所以英国人常常说 “what a relief” 或者“it was a relief to be able to talk to someone about it”, 这句话的汉语意思是“能和一个人谈谈这件事让人有一种解脱感”。在这里relief 的意思是解脱,解脱痛苦担心等等。下面我们再看几个例句:
Examples
I hate to say it, but it was a relief to have him out of the house.
A: Have you found your cat?
B: Yes, thanks. It was such a relief to have her back. We thought we’d lost her.
    以上两句话里都在relief 的前面加上了不定冠词a 表示解除了担忧之感,舒了一口气。注意在表达这个意思时必须加a - a relief. 这是一种习惯用法。我们再看一遍:
Examples
I hate to say it, but it was a relief to have him out of the house.
A: Have you found your cat?
B: Yes, thanks. It was such a relief to have her back. We thought we’d lost her.
    Relief 和许多英语单词一样,有好几个意思。比如救济、救援也是relief.
For example:
Example
I am a relief worker.
   我是一名救济工作者。

Example
I am working to raise money for famine relief to Africa.
    我正在为非洲饥荒募捐而工作。
Example
I am a relief worker. I am working to raise money for famine relief to Africa.
     Relief的另外一个用法同税收有关,意思是减免税。
Examples
Employees who donate to charity will receive tax relief.
The government has announced that green industries will get tax relief in the coming year.
      以上两句话里的relief都是“减免”的意思。第一句说“参与募捐的雇员将获得税收减免”。
Example
Employees who donate to charity will receive tax relief.
     第二句的意思是“政府宣布绿色行业的企业将得到税收减免”。
Example
The government has announced that green industries will get tax relief in the coming year.
     Relief还有一个重要的用法就是用来表示减轻病痛、痛苦。
Example
I have been prescribed some painkillers for pain relief but the doctor told me not to take too much.
     我拿了一些止疼药帮我减轻病痛,不过医生告我说不要吃太多。Let’s listen again.
Example
I have been prescribed some painkillers for pain relief but the doctor told me not to take too much.
    总结一下relief 虽然是不可数名词,但是由于它是一个只有单数形式的名词,所以在表示解脱、舒一口气的时候英国人的习惯说法就是“what a relief!”

 

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