手机版
英语学习_英语试题_高中英语作文-爱英语吧

爱英语吧 > 词汇 >  > 正文

economic和economical有什么区别

时间:2020-06-17 08:37  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

Economic 和economical 这两个词非常容易混淆。
首先,这两词都是形容词adjectives, 都有“经济的”意思。虽然有些相似性,但是意思还是有很大区别的。
我们先来看economic – 这个词通常用来描述和某个国家或地区economy 经济有关的事物,或一个人或集体所拥有的经济财产。
Economic growth 经济增长,economic development 经济发展,economic reform 经济改革。
  'Economic' can also refer to the profitability 利润or success of a business. 这个意思比较难理解,but don't worry, let's look at some examples together:
Example
Unless we start making money, it will not be economic to keep this business going.
They had to close the record shop – with most people downloading their music online it just wasn't economic.
  第一个例句unless we start making money, it will not be economic to keep this business going 意思是“如果还是不能产生效益,那这门生意将无法继续”。
第二个例句they had to close the record shop - with most people downloading their music online it just wasn't economic 意思是“唱片店不得不关门,因为现在太多人都在网上下载音乐,唱片店没有任何可盈利机会”。
这两句话中economic 都用来表示“经济上有收益的、有利可图的making a profit, or likely to make a profit”.
  下面我们再来看economical – economical 主要指在用钱或资源的时候,尽量节约、避免浪费,精打细算。我们来看几个例子:
Example
It's important to be economical with our oil reserves – they may soon run out.
It can be very economical to rent out an empty room in your house – you will be able to share some of your living costs.
Try to be economical with the fabric when you cut out the shapes – we haven't got any more.
  第一个例句it's important to be economical with our oil reserves – they may soon run out 意思是“节约用油很重要,也许我们的燃油储备很快就会被用光”。
第二个例句it can be very economical to rent out an empty room in your house – you will be able to share some of your living costs 意思是“把一间空房出租是很好的省钱方法,因为可以和他人一起分摊各种水电杂费”。
第三个例句try to be economical with the fabric when you cut out the shapes – we haven't got any more 意思是“请尽量在剪裁的时候省着用料,因为剩下的面料不多了”。
那也就是说单词economic 描述和经济有关的或有经济效益的事物economy-related, 而economical 主要强调的是避免浪费avoiding waste.
  我们会常看到economical 以其反义形式出现uneconomical. 比如说:
Example
Driving to work alone is uneconomical if you have a colleague who lives nearby.
  最后还想给教给大家一个有趣的表达being economical with the truth, 这个表达的意思是一个人只说出自己想说的事情并尽量美化自己所说的内容。虽然不算撒谎, 但肯定是没有讲明事情的所有细节,尽管有些细节内容很重要。也就是我们常说的简化事实或隐瞒事实。
   我们来总结一下economic and economical 之间的区别。Economic 主要描述和经济有关的economy-related 或有经济效益的事物the success of a business;economical 主要强调的是避免浪费的avoiding waste, 省钱的。


TAG标签区别 Economic economical