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揭穿七大假相 爱因斯坦学习成绩差?中英文对照

时间:2014-08-15 22:04  作者:admin  来源:未知

企鹅伴侣终生厮守吗?拿破仑的身高才1.57米?爱因斯坦学习成绩差?......我们来一一揭穿这些流传甚广的假真相吧。


1. Penguins Mate for Life


During the mid-2000s, films like "Happy Feet" made penguins all the rage, and young lovers went around spouting off facts like "penguins mate for life." While the idea is sweet, it's not exactly true.


Penguins usually stick with their partners through the mating season, but when it's time to mate again, they choose whomever is convenient, not necessarily their old flame.

1. 企鹅伴侣厮守终生?


几年前,《快乐的大脚》等多部以企鹅为题材的电影热映,令这种憨态可掬的可爱动物风靡全球。与此同时,“企鹅伴侣厮守终生”的说法也在年轻人尤其是小情侣间流传开来。尽管这个说法很动听,但它并不是事实。


目前大约有18个企鹅物种,它们的交配习性在本质上相似。交配季期间,它们会与选定的伴侣厮守在一起。但当下一个交配季来临时,它们会再次选择合适的配偶,不论对方是不是自己的“旧爱”。


对于筑巢的企鹅来说,交配季时还会上演肥皂剧戏码。例如阿德利公企鹅会筑好巢穴接受母企鹅检查,如果公企鹅之前的配偶来到了,“旧爱”可能会将“新欢”赶出巢穴。


2. Vincent Van Gogh Cut Off His Entire Ear


This is not entirely true. It was not his entire ear - just the tip of the lobe - and some say he didn't even do it. Van Gogh lived with artist Paul Gauguin, who had quite a violent temper, and many believe Gauguin actually did the cutting.


Either way, Van Gogh did reportedly send the tip to a prostitute.

2. 梵高割下整只耳朵?


据史料记载,荷兰著名画家文森特•梵高曾割掉耳朵,后在法国瓦兹河饮弹自杀。但需要澄清的是,梵高割掉的不是整只耳朵,而是一部分耳垂。


至于梵高割耳事件,有几个不同的版本。有人说他是割下耳朵洗净放在信封里,送给一名妓女;有人说他是在得知自己经济和情感的支柱——弟弟——即将结婚的消息后,精神崩溃割掉耳朵;还有人认为是梵高与好友、同样赫赫有名的画家高更争执时,被高更用剑砍掉了耳朵。

3. Napoleon Bonaparte was Short


Everyone knows Napoleon Bonaparte was a tiny man - after all, his nickname was "le Petit Corporal." His reputation for being short even inspired the phenomenon known as the "Napoleon complex."


In reality, Napoleon stood around 5 feet and 7 inches tall, which was very average back in the day. Many believe his nickname was meant as a term of endearment, not a reference to his height.

3. 拿破仑是个矮子?


在心理学上有一个概念,被称为“拿破仑情结”,也叫作“矮个子症候群”。简单来说,就是矮个子比高个子更有暴力倾向。不难看出,身材矮小已成为贴在拿破仑身上最醒目的标签之一。


人们普遍认为拿破仑是个矮子,这一看法源于他临终时测得的身高为5英尺2英寸(约合1.57米),但这是法国旧度量制度测量的结果,按照现在的单位换算,拿破仑的身高接近5英尺7英寸(约合1.7米),在他所处的年代这属于平均身高。


那么,拿破仑为何被称作“小士兵”(Le Petit Caporel)?这是对他的爱称,而非取笑。

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