手机版
英语学习_英语试题_高中英语作文-爱英语吧

爱英语吧 > 语法 >  > 正文

英语句子成分分析讲解(入门版)

时间:2015-01-09 20:18  作者:全秀阁  来源:未知

主语    ①表明句子说的是谁或什么情况
        ②一般可由名词, 动名词, 动词不定式, 代词, 数词等充当
The car (主语)runs fast.              Swimming (主语)is my favorite.          To see (主语)is to believe.
She(主语) is kind.                      Eight (主语)is a luky number in China.                             

谓语    ①说明主语的情况(动作或状态)
②一般由及物动词和不及物动词充当
He reads(谓语) a book.       The boy likes (谓语)English.        She heard (谓语)the news.
The river flows(谓语).        The sun rises(谓语).              The horse runs(谓语).                        

宾语  ①用于及物动词后称为动词宾语, 介词后称为介词宾语
②有些动词可接双宾语(即直接宾语→常指物, 和间接宾语→常指人)
③可接双宾语的动词(有 bring, buy, take, make...等等)
④宾语一般可由名词, 动名词, 动词不定式 ,代词, 数词等充当
He reads a book(宾语).     He likes swimming(宾语).     She wants to fly(宾语).          The boy runs to his mother(宾语).
He loves her(宾语).        He wants three(宾语).       He bought her(间接宾语) a coat(直接宾语).        He waits for the chance(宾语).                            

系动词  包括①be 动词   (be  → am,is,are, →  was,were, →  been)
② 半系动词 (包括stay, keep, turn, get...等等)
③ 感官系动词(眼           耳        鼻      口     手      )
The food goes(系动词) bad.         The day turns(系动词) long.             He gets(系动词) angry.        He seems(系动词) ill.

表语   ①用在系动词之后的成分
②一般可由名词, 形容词, 动名词, 动词不定式, 代词, 数词, 介词短语等充当
She is a doctor(表语).      The cloth feels soft表语.      His favorite sport is running表语.       The helper is him表语.
Your task is to find out the cost表语.          The lucky number in China is eight表语.          She is in the room表语.

定语  ①用来修饰或限制 名词 或 代词 的成分
②一般可由 形容词, 非谓语动词, 名词, 数词, 冠词, 介词短语等充当
Nice (定语)girl;             something to eat(定语);        sleeping(定语) baby;              three(定语) cups
Burnt (定语)food ;           cat in the room(定语)                  shoe(定语) shop ;

状语   ①用来修饰动词, 形容词, 副词 或 整个句子的成分
②一般可由 副词 或 介词短语 充当
Walk slowly(状语);        very (状语)good;           quite(状语)well;     He lives there for ten years(状语).                                                  

补语 ①一般包括宾语补足语和主语补足语
②补充说明宾语或主语  做(干)……, 或是……
③是一般由动词、非谓语动词或形容词,名词充当
She encouraged her students to study hard(补语).           He gets the floor clean(补语).
He saw a bird flying over his head(补语).           She thinks him a good teacher(补语).                      

同位语 ①处于与中心词同一地位的成分, 补充说明或强调中心词的性质身份等
②一般可由反身代词,名词充当
Our teacher, Miss Gao(同位语), is kind.          He, himself(同位语) will go there.

TAG标签英语 句子成分