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高中适用:英语句子成分分析菜鸟自学版(9)

时间:2015-01-09 20:46  作者:admin  来源:未知

第三章 简单句不“简单”
 ——简单句的复杂化
我们这里说,简单句不“简单”了,就是说,如果如果你看到一个句子超长,它没准就是个简单句,千万不要以为只是短小的句子才是简单句,那是不一定的。那么,简单句又是怎么变“复杂”呢?大家看看下面几节也许就明白了。 
第一节 并列“出现”之后……
 并列“出现”之后,会发生什么事呢?呵呵!我们这里说的并列是说句子成分的并列,在英语中,所有的句子成分都可以并列,于是就出现了并列主语、并列谓语、并列宾语、并列定语……等等,于是简单句就复杂了,于是你就看不懂句子了,于是你就迷茫了……
1.Tom, Mike and I are good friends.(三个并列主语)
2.I got up ,washed my face, brushed my teeth and went to school .( 四个并列谓语)
3.I like music ,sport, traveling, surfing the Internet and listening to music .(五个并列宾语) 
4.This is a well-known German medical school.(四个并列定语) 
我们这一节是让大家明白,英语中有并列这种语法现象的存在,大家了解到这即可,当然,如果在造句中能运用更好
第二节 非谓语动词在“作怪”
大家先看下面的句子:
1. To learn English is not easy.
2. He found it very difficult to get to sleep..
3. Lucy asked me to turn down the radio..
4. His wish was to become a scientist.
5. There is nothing to worry about.
6. He woke up to find everybody gone. .
7. Learning new words is very useful to me.
8. The music is exciting.
9. The boy singing now is a classmate of mine..
10. One day she came into my room laughing happily. 
11. The other students in the class keep their eyes closed.
12. Built in 1949,the exhibition hall is almost 50 years old.
你知道上面划线部分是什么呢?
非谓语动词,想必大家都很陌生,但是动词不定式、动名词大家应该很熟悉,实际上,这两位都是非谓语动词家族的成员。什么是非谓语动词呢?顾名思义,“非”,不也,非谓语动词即是不能作谓语的动词。英语中的动词按能否作谓语可以分为谓语动词和非谓语动词两种,这也就是非谓语动词的由来。 
非谓语动词从形式上来看有三种:to do\doing\done 。从名称来看有四种:动词不定式(to do )、动名词(doing)、现在分词(doing)、过去分词(done)。这四位也就是非谓语家族的全体成员,也就是它们四位是不能来作谓语动词的。那么它们可以做什么成分呢?实际上,除了不能作谓语外,其他的句子成分,它们都可以作的,其中,动词不定式可以作除了谓语以外的一切成分,动名词可以做主语、宾语、定语、表语,现在分词可以作状语、定语、表语、宾补,过去分词可以作状语、定语、表语、宾补。
   非谓语动词是高中英语语法的重点内容,也是高考必考内容,所以我们务必重视这部分内容,但是对于我们这一节内容,大家对于非谓语大概了解即可,看到非谓语动词能够把它们辨别出来就可以了。 
 练习 五
一 找出下面句子中的非谓语动词,并指出是作什么句子成分
 1.To know him is to like him.
 2. Mr. Brown has a large family to keep.
 3. He stood up to see better..
 4. They have started using computers in the library.
 5. Her job is taking care of the wounded.
 6. I watched them playing chess.
 7. The computer needs repairing .
 8. There is an old man wanting to see you.
 9. I heard them quarrelling in the room .
 10. Do you like teaching English?
二 分析本节开头部分十二个句子划线部分的非谓语动词作什么句子成分 
 练习五答案
一 找出下面句子中的非谓语动词,并指出是作什么句子成分
 1.To know him is to like him.
 了解他了就会喜欢他。To know him做主语
 2. Mr. Brown has a large family to keep.
 布朗先生要养活一大家子人。to keep做定语
 3. He stood up to see better..
 他站起来想看得更好。to see bette做目的状语
 4. They have started using computers in the library.
 他们在图书馆已经开始使用电脑。using computers做宾语
 5. Her job is taking care of the wounded.
 他的工作就是照看伤员。taking care of the wounded做表语
 6. I watched them playing chess.
 我看到他们在下棋。playing chess做宾补
 7. The computer needs repairing.
 那台电脑需要修理。Repairing做宾语
 8. There is an old man wanting to see you.
 有个老人等着要见你。wanting to see you做后置定语
 9. I heard them quarrelling in the room.
 我听见他们在房间里争吵。Quarrelling做宾补
 10. Do you like teaching English?
 你喜欢教英语吗?teaching English做宾语
13. To learn English is not easy.
 学英语不容易。做主语
14. He found it very difficult to learn maths 
 他发现学数学很困难。做真正宾语
15. Lucy asked me to turn down the radio..
 露西要我把收音机音量关小。做宾补
16. His wish was to become a scientist.
 他的愿望是成为一个科学家。做表语
17. There is nothing to worry about..
没什么可担心的。做定语
18. He woke up to find everybody gone. .
 他醒来发现每个人都走了。做结果状语
19. Learning new words is very useful to me
 学新单词对我来说非常有用。做主语
20. The music is exciting.
 那是首人激动的音乐。做表语
21. The boy singing now is a classmate of mine.
 那个正在唱歌的男孩是我的同班同学。做定语
22. One day she came into my room laughing happily. 
 一天,她高兴地唱着走进我的房间。做伴随状语
23. The other students in the class keep their eyes closed.
在班上的其他学生都把他们的眼闭上。做补语
24. Built in 1949,the exhibition hall is almost 50 years 
 old. 
 那所建立于1949的展览大厅有50年的历史了。做状语 

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