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千字文全文带拼音带解释 千字文英文版(2)

时间:2016-01-05 16:06  作者:admin  来源:未知

gài cǐ shēn fà    sì dà wǔ chang     gōng wéi jū yǎng     qǐ gǎn huǐ shāng

盖此身发 四大五常 恭惟鞠养 岂敢毁伤

【解释】人的身体发肤分属于“四大”,一言一动都要符合“五常”。诚敬的想着父母养育之恩,哪里还敢毁坏损伤它。

Our body, our health,the four elemnts in the nature and the five canons for our society are what we should treasure and maintain, that is, we should not destroy them.   

〖注释〗 盖:发语词,无实义。

四大:指地、水、风、火。

五常:指仁、义、礼、智、信。 

鞠(jū)养:抚养,养育。

nǚ mù zhēn jié     nán xiào cái liáng     zhī guò bì gǎi dé néng mò wàng

女慕贞洁 男效才良 知过必改 得能莫忘

【解释】女子要仰慕那些持身严谨的贞妇洁女,男子要仿效那些有才能有道德的人。知道自己有过错,一定要改正;适合自己干的事,不要放弃。

Ladies should learn from those who are chaste, and gentlemen follow those virtuous. If they have mistakes, they should straithen them up, never forsake any chance to do good.

wǎng tán bǐ duǎn      mǐ shì jǐ cháng      xìn shǐ kě fù    qì yù nán liáng

罔谈彼短 靡恃己长 信使可覆 器欲难量

【解释】不要谈论别人的短处,也不要依仗自己有长处就不思进取。诚实的话要经得起考验,器度要大,让人难以估量。Don’t blame others nor should you backbite,whether they are wrong or right.You should not boast of your own strength.Credit goes before trus and greed is contained in lust.

〖注释〗罔(wǎng): 无,不,没有。靡(mǐ): 无,不,没有。恃(shì):依赖,依仗。

mò bēi sī rǎn shī zàn gāo yáng jǐng xíng wéi xián kè niàn zuò shèng

墨悲丝染 诗赞羔羊 景行维贤 克念作圣

【解释】墨子悲叹白丝被染上了杂色,《诗经》赞颂羔羊能始终保持洁白如一。要仰慕圣贤的德行,要克制私欲,努力仿效圣人。Motzu deplored the stained white silk, and pure lambs were adored in the Book of Songs. As disciples we should follow the example of savants and try to join the saints.

〖注释〗墨:墨子,名翟。鲁国人(一说宋国人),战国初期思想家,墨家学派创始人。他看见匠人把白丝放进染缸里染色,悲叹到:“染于苍则苍,染于黄则黄。”强调人要注意抵御不良环境的影响,保持天生的善性。

羔羊:语出:《诗·召南·羔羊》:“羔羊之皮,素丝五紽。”通过咏羔羊毛色的洁白如一,来赞颂君子的“节俭正直,德如羔羊。”《毛序》:“《羔羊》,鹊巢之功致也。召南之国化文王之政,在位皆节俭正直,德如羔羊。”

景行:语出《诗·小雅·车辖》:“高山仰止,景行行止。”意思是对高山要抬头瞻仰,对贤人的品德要看齐,站到一个行列中去。 克:能。

dé jiàn míng lì xíng duān biǎo zhèng kōng gǔ chuán shēng xū táng xí tīng

德建名立 形端表正 空谷传声 虚堂习听

【解释】养成了好的道德,就会有好的名声;就如同形体端庄了,仪表就正直了一样。空旷的山谷中呼喊声传得很远,宽敞的厅堂里说话声非常清晰。

Virtues can help worthies stand erect in the society; good manners can raise grand mounds to preserve the yoyal dignity or sovereignty.Echoes can travel far in deep valleys, reading aloud in a broad hall can leave clear trails. www.2abc8.com

〖注释〗习:长期反复地做,逐渐养成的不自觉的活动。

 

huò yīn è jī      fú yuán shàn qìng    chǐ bì fēi bǎo   cùn yīn shì jìng

祸因恶积 福缘善庆 尺璧非宝 寸阴是竞

【解释】灾祸是作恶多端的结果,福禄是乐善好施的回报。一尺长的美玉不能算是真正的宝贝,而即使是片刻时光也值得珍惜。

Banes will arise if one's probity goes amiss; proper deeds may bring bliss.Treasured jewels may perish.Time goes away and never returns,so everyone must cherish it.

 

〖注释〗祸、福二句:语出《易·坤·文言》:“积善之家,必有余庆;积不善之家,必有余殃。”

zī fù shì jūn     yuē yán yǔ jìng     xiào dāng jié lì     zhōng zé jìn mìng

资父事君 曰严与敬 孝当竭力 忠则尽命

【解释】奉养父亲,侍奉君主,要严肃而恭敬。孝顺父母应当竭尽全力,忠于君主要不惜献出生命。

We should respect our parents and serve our lord.We should be dutiful to them and strict with ourselves. Never should we feel bored. We should try our best to emulate filial sons and remain loyal to our lord for ever.

 

〖注释〗事:侍奉。

lín shēn lǚ bó      sù xīng wēn qìng      sì lán sī xīn   rú sōng zhī shèng

临深履薄 夙兴温凊 似兰斯馨 如松之盛

【解释】要“如临深渊,如履薄冰”那样小心谨慎;要早起晚睡,侍候父母让他们感到冬暖夏凉。让自己的德行像兰草那样的清香,像松柏那样的茂盛。

We should be vigilant like walking on thin ice. From morning to evening, we should serve our parents all right,keep their rooms clean and tidy, soothing like a balmy breeze and staunch like pine trees.

 

〖注释〗夙兴:“夙兴夜寐”之略。夙,早。温凊(qìng):“冬温夏凊”之略。凊,凉。

chuān liú bù xī     yuān chéng qǔ yìng     róng zhǐ ruò sī    yán cí ān dìng

川流不息 渊澄取映 容止若思 言辞安定

【解释】 还能延及子孙,像大河川流不息;影响世人,像碧潭清澄照人。仪容举止要沉静安详,言语措辞要稳重,显得从容沉静。

And we should be constant like broad rivers that flow, like large lagoons that show themselves,looking limpid. We should think prudently while reposed, and speak carefully, keeping composed.

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