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高考故事类阅读理解解题技巧Dear Anne I like your column very much

时间:2016-08-23 10:33  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

Dear Anne,
I like your column very much. I met a girl four years ago at a gym. She was the one who originally approached me and we became good friends. Then one day, she made me really angry, so angry that I just left and we never saw each other again.
Looking back, I really regret ending things that way. It was a cowardly act on my part, but I had a terrible temper at that time and let the smallest thing get to me. Recently, I’ve started thinking about her again and I looked up her e-mail address. I thought about writing to say “Hi” and apologize for what I did but I’m not sure. She could still be angry with me, or maybe she has forgotten me. I feel very lonely and I want to see her again. What should I do?
Tom
Dear Tom,
She may still be angry with you, and s he may have forgotten the friendship between you, but that doesn’t mean she doesn’t deserve an apology. Tom, how many of us have wished for the day that someone who treated us badly saw the light and finally owned up? But we rarely get that kind of expected result. So sure, e-mail her and say “Hi”.
Tell her you have been thinking about her and just want to apologize for getting angry and being a coward by walking out on her. But you should remember if she thinks you’re apologizing just because you are lonely, she might dismiss your sincerity. Therefore, don’t mention that. If she wants to see you again, she’ll make sure that happens.
Even if she doesn’t want to be your friend, I can assure you, she’ll appreciate the gesture. And it might make you think twice next time you get angry.
Anne
24.In the letter, Anne is probably ___________.
A. Tom’s friend        B. Tom’s teacher
C. a woman reporter     D. a columnist
25.What is troubling Tom?
A. He can’t get in touch with his former friend.
B. He regrets letting his former friend leave him.
C. He doesn’t know whether to a pologize to his former friend.
D. He is uncertain whether his former friend can forgive him.
26.Which of the following is what Anne advises Tom to do?
A. Tell her that he expects to see her again.
B. Express his sincere apology to her.
C. Tell her that he is very lonely.
D. Beg her to give him another chance.
27.Anne wants to tell Tom that ________.
A. an apology is better late than never
B. he should think twice before he gets angry
C. it’s no use crying over spilt milk
D. he should answer for his wrong doings


【解析】
试题分析:快乐是人的一种健康的心理情感。目前德国的一家学校给学生开设了一门如何去获得快乐的课程。这门课程目的不是为了让人们快乐,而是帮助孩子们去发现如何才能获得快乐。其中增加自信心,使用肢体语言都是课程的内容。
21.B推理判断题。文章开头提出在德国的一家学校孩子们学习如何获得快乐的课程,然后在下文中对此进行了详细的介绍,由此判断文章的目的就是要介绍这门课程,故选B。
22.D细节理解题。根据文章第一段和第五段内容 "The course isn't there to make you happy," "but rather to help you discover the ways to become happy."可知这种课程是为了帮助学生发现快乐的方法,故答案选D。
23.A推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段可知不嘲笑人,给自己说积极鼓励的话,也是课程的一方面,由此判断增加学生自信也会提高他们快乐的感觉,故选A。
考点:考查科普类阅读

24.D
25.C
26.B
27.A
【解析】
试题分析:文章讲述的是Tom给专栏作者写信求助的故事。
24.D细节推断题。根据第一段的首句“I like your column very much.”可知这是读者写给一个报刊专栏的求助信,因此可以推断Anne是个专栏作家。故选D。
25.C推理判断题。根据Tom在信中提到的内容可知他现在很后悔四年前一气之下离开朋友,他想给朋友发邮件,表达自己的歉意,但是又想朋友可能还在生他的气或者早已忘记他,所以他不知该如何是好。故选C。
26.B推理判断题。根据Anne信中第二段“But you should remember if she thinks you’re apologizing just because you are lonely, she might dismiss your sincerity.”可知Anne认为如果Tom的朋友认为他向她道歉的原因是他很孤独,想见到她来消除自己的孤独,她就不会认为他的道歉是真诚的。因此Anne建议Tom不要提这类的话题,只要真诚地道歉就可以了。故选B。
27.A主旨推断题。根据“She may still be angry with you, and she may have forgotten the friendship between you, but that doesn’t mean she doesn’t deserve an apology.”可知Anne想告诉Tom的道理是:对于自己的错误,应该勇于道歉,即使这个道歉做的晚些,也比不做要好。故选A。
考点:考查故事类阅读
【名师点睛】
故事类文章是高考选材之一。这类文章常通过叙述突出人物性格特征或讲述个人经历与感悟,以及逸闻趣事。文章的要素有时间、地点、人物、事件等。有些是按事件发展的经过为主线叙述的,在叙述的过程中有详有略;有些是按时间的顺序叙述的,有顺叙、倒叙等。高考选用的此类文章常常为幽默类或情感类故事,其目的或阐明某种观点,或抨击某种陋习,或赞扬某种品德,所以要关注作者表达的个人感悟,提出的个人意见,或故事中出其不意的变化,而这些往往体现文章中心或写作意图,属于必考点。
解这类完形填空时要注意:
1、精读第一句
它是了解全文大意的基石.完形填空文章的第一句话通常是没有空白的完整句子,而且第一句往往是文章的主题句(Topic Sentence),或是含有主题词的句子,考生可以根据它来把握文章的中心思想,为下面答题奠定基础。这里,首先我们要知道英文的主题句的特点。一个有效的主题句应该有以下两个标准:
1.Topic:主题或议题。明确指示段落的内容,起到限定主题范围的作用。
2.Opinion:反映作者对待主题的观点、印象、态度,起到限定段落基调的作用。
知道了英文主题句的特点之后,我们在阅读完型填空文章的第一句话时,就不应该只是读懂其字面中文意思,而是要透过首句来预测文章的中心内容,为接下来做题把准方向。
2、掌握几种逻辑关系词
考生在做这类题目是一定要很好地把握上下文逻辑关系,掌握常见的几种表示转折、让步、条件、因果、并列等逻辑关系的词,再根据上下文语境判断出最佳答案。本文对此的涉及比较少。
3、准确把握逻辑关系
考生在做题过程中需要留意上下文,正确把握上下文之间的逻辑关系。逻辑关系涉及时间、条件、原因、转折等几个方面。正确理解文章的内容并把握逻辑关系有助于考生准确地解答试题。本篇文章有明显的故事特点,所以考生可以根据文章大意推断故事的内容。比如第59题:推理判断题。根据Anne信中第二段“But you should remember if she thinks you’re apologizing just because you are lonely, she might dismiss your sincerity.”可知Anne认为如果Tom的朋友认为他向她道歉的原因是他很孤独,想见到她来消除自己的孤独,她就不会认为他的道歉是真诚的。因此Anne建议Tom不要提这类的话题,只要真诚地道歉就可以了。故选B。
4、仔细体会作者的思想情感
在解题过程中,考生要仔细体会作者所要表达的思想情感,不能按自己的想法去揣测文章中人物的心理活动。比如第60题:主旨推断题。根据“She may still be angry with you, and she may have forgotten the friendship between you, but that doesn’t mean she doesn’t deserve an apology.”可知Anne想告诉Tom的道理是:对于自己的错误,应该勇于道歉,即使这个道歉做的晚些,也比不做要好。故选A。
5、全文贯通,复查核定
做完题目后,要仔细复查核定。全方位,多角度地检查所选答案,看能否使全文连贯畅通,内容清晰,主题突出.对于个别拿不准的答案, 应根据语感完成.复查可以采用两种方法:1.不看已选的答案,再把所有的题 目做一遍,然后看看两个答案是否一致,如不一致,再仔细比较鉴别;2.把答案代入短文细读一遍,看所选答案是否与短文整体相吻合,再把每个空白处与它相对应的4个答案一一对照。

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