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联合国新任秘书长古特雷斯简介António Guterres

时间:2016-10-14 17:39  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres, GCL GCC (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔnju ɡuˈtɛʁɨʃ]; born 30 April 1949) is a Portuguese politician and diplomat who is the designate Secretary-General of the United Nations. Guterres was Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002. He also served for a time as President of the Socialist International. He was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015, and in October 2016 the United Nations General Assembly elected him by acclamation to become the next United Nations Secretary-General, succeeding the retiring Ban Ki-moon.


António Guterres was born and raised in Portugal's capital, Lisbon, son of Virgílio Dias Guterres (1913–2009) and his wife Ilda Cândida de Oliveira (born 1923). He was educated at the prestigious Liceu de Camões (now Secondary School) where he graduated in 1965, winning the "Prémio Nacional dos Liceus" as the best student in the country. He then studied physics and electrical engineering at Instituto Superior Técnico in Lisbon. He graduated in 1971 and started an academic career as assistant professor teaching Systems Theory and Telecommunications Signals, before leaving academic life to start a political career.
His political career started in 1974, when he joined the Socialist Party. Shortly thereafter, he quit academic life and became a full-time politician. In the period following the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974, which put an end to Caetano's dictatorship, Guterres was closely involved in the organization of the Socialist Party, especially the Lisbon section.Guterres became one of the party leaders and held the following offices:
Head of Office of the Secretary of State of Industry (1974 and 1975)
Deputy for Castelo Branco in the Portuguese National Parliament (1976–1995), during which he was responsible for several parliamentary commissions
Leader of the parliamentary bench of the Socialist Party, succeeding Jorge Sampaio (1988)
In 1992, he became Secretary-General of the Socialist Party and leader of the opposition against Aníbal Cavaco Silva's government. Guterres was re-elected in 1999, and from January to July 2000, he occupied the Presidency of the European Council.
In December 2001, following a disastrous result for the Socialist Party in the local elections, Guterres resigned, stating that "I am resigning to prevent the country from falling into a political swamp". President Jorge Sampaio dissolved the Parliament and called for elections. Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues, until then Minister for Social Security, assumed the Socialist Party leadership, but the general election was lost to the Social Democratic Party of José Manuel Durão Barroso, who later became President of the European Commission. Guterres retired from Portuguese politics and worked as President of the Socialist International until 2005.
In May 2005 Guterres was elected High Commissioner for Refugees by the UN General Assembly. As High Commissioner, he headed one of the world's largest humanitarian organizations, which at the end of his term had more than 10,000 staff working in 126 countries providing protection and assistance to over 60 million refugees, returnees, internally displaced people and stateless persons.
He left office on 31 December 2015, having served the second-longest term as High Commissioner in the organization's history, after Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan.
Guterres is set to become the next United Nations Secretary-General on 1 January 2017, following his election by the UN General Assembly on 13 October 2016, based on the recommendation from the 15-member UN Security Council that was made a week earlier.


古特雷斯简历资料:

  古特雷斯生于里斯本。1974年4月加入葡萄牙社会党,1994年3月在社会党第10届全国代表大会上当选为总书记。古特雷斯还任社会党国际主席。1995年10月,社会党在议会选举中获胜,古特雷斯出任总理。2001年因社会党在葡地方选举中失败而引咎辞去总理职务。

  2005年5月25日前任联合国难民事务高级专员公署高级专员吕贝尔斯因被指出性骚扰而辞职。古特雷斯于6月15日出任难民事务署高级专员,任期为3年。

  2016年10当选联合国秘书长。任期从2017年1月1日至2021年12月31日。

TAG标签联合国新任秘书长 古特雷斯

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