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中考必背英语单词:45个中考英语最高频词一词多义和固定搭配

时间:2016-10-16 22:02  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

中考45个最高频词的一词多义和固定搭配
1. cost
The ticket cost me ten dollars.(此句中cost用作及物动词,意为“花费”,这是cost的常用法之一。)
The cost of living is much higher now than it was two years ago. (此句中cost用作名词,意为“价格,成本,费用”,这是它的常用法之二。)

cost除了以上用法外,还有其它用法。如:
① Has this project been costed? (cost用作及物动词,意为“估价,估计成本”。)
② I must get the book at all costs. (at all costs意为“无论如何,不惜任何代价”。)
③ She saved him from drowning, but at the cost of her own life. (at the cost of sth.意为“以牺牲某事物为代价”。)

2. deal
Teachers should deal fairly with their pupils. (此句中deal用作不及物动词,常和with连用,意为“对待”,这是deal的常用法。)

deal还有其它用法。如:
①She spent a good deal of money on new clothes. (a good deal of意为“很多,大量”后接不可数名词。)
②We tried to make sure everyone got a fair deal. (a fair deal意为“公平的待遇”。)
③My bank deals in stocks and shares now. (deal in意为“经营”。)
④The teacher dealt out the test papers to the students. (deal out意为“分发”。)

3. interest
interest在教材中的意思为“兴趣”和“使感兴趣”,分别作名词和动词用。
The money I borrowed from him was repaid with interest.
What he did was just to protect his own interests.
上面句子中的两个interest都作名词用。作“利息”讲时,为不可数名词;作“利益,好处”讲时,多用复数形式。

第一句可译为“我向他借的那笔钱是带息偿还的。”;第二句可译为“他所做的一切仅仅是为了保护他自己的利益。”

4. drive
Can you drive a car? (drive用作动词,意思为“开车,驾驶”,是教材中的第一种用法。)
Let’s go for a drive in the country. (drive用作名词,意思为“驱车旅行”,是教材中的第二种用法。)

除了以上用法外, drive还有其它用法。如:
①The workers carried on a drive for greater efficiency last month. (drive用作名词,意思为“运动”。)
②There are three buses parked on the drive. (drive用作名词,意思为“车道”。)
③Poverty drove the little boy to steal. (drive用作动词,意思为“驱使”。)
④I’m sure that I’ve driven my opinion home.(drive sth. home意思为“把……讲透彻,使充分理解”。)
⑤Please drive the dog away. (drive sb./sth. away意思为“把……赶跑”。)

5. join v.& n.
What club do you want to join?(此句中的join是及物动词,意为“加入,参加”,这是其最常见的用法。)

另外它还有其它用法。如:
①The two rivers join at the bridge.(此句中的join是不及物动词,意为“会合,联合,相遇”。)
②The two pieces were stuck together so well that we could hardly see the join.(此句中的join是名词,意为“连接处,接缝”。)

6. dream
dream在教材中有两种用法:用作动词时意思为“做梦,梦到”;用作名词时意思为“梦想,幻想”。

dream除了以上用法外,还有以下几种用法。如:
Her new dress is an absolute dream. (dream用作名词,意思为“美丽或美好的人或事物”。)

My aunt’s wedding ceremony went like a dream. (go like a dream是固定短语,意思为“非常顺利,完美”。)

  TAG标签中考 中考必背英语单词

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