高三阅读理解For every cup of coffee you made about two
时间:2017-01-09 09:01 作者:admin 来源:本站整理
For every cup of coffee you made, about two spoons of grounds end up in the waste. That doesn’t seem like a lot, but just think about the millions of coffees consumed around the world every single day, and you’ll see the problem. Sure, some of those coffee grounds are recycled as fertilizer to enrich the soil or beauty products like face masks, but most will be buried into the ground. It was while considering this issue that German product designer Julian Lechner came up with a new way of recycling coffee grounds – turning them into tableware.
“We were always drinking coffee at university,” Lechner remembers. “And that’s how I started to wonder. What happens to all that coffee? It was all just getting thrown away.” He began consulting with his professors about ways of using coffee grounds to create a solid material.
“We tried combining with a lot of different things,” Lechner said, “We even tried sugar. That was close, but basically it was a candy cup. It just kept melting after being used three times.” The whole point was to make it last long, so Lechner and his partners went back to the institute to continue their research. Finally, after many failed experiments, they came up with a mix of coffee grounds and a biopolymer( 生物高聚物)that seemed to behave the way Lechner had expected it.
“The moment of knowing the cup would actually stand was super-exciting,” he recalls. “It was wonderful to drink that first coffee out of the cup. It proved to be totally worth the wait.” And his creation has proven commercially successful, which is just the icing on the cake. The coffee cups are now present in ten shops across Europe, and the company can hardly keep up with demand, regularly selling out of its stock online.
Lechner will soon launch a larger line of coffee grounds cups and also work on a travel mug. But those are just short-term plans, as Lechner hopes to one day use recycled coffee grounds to create all sort of useful stuff—like sheets and furniture in cafés and restaurants.
28. What do people do with coffee grounds before Lechner?
A. Make products beautiful. B. Improve the soil. C. Produce drinking cups. D. Create solid materials.
29. What can we infer from Paragraph 3?
A. Candy cups can last longer than coffee cups. B. Coffee grounds are rich in biopolymer.
C. Biopolymer can get coffee cups used repeatedly. D. Lechner invented coffee cups alone.
30. What does the underlined phrase refer to in Paragraph 4?
A. Profits from coffee cup business. B. Creation of coffee cups.
C. Decreasing demands for coffee grounds. D. Consumption of delicious iced coffee.
31. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. A new way of recycling coffee cups.
B. Commercial success from consuming coffee.
C. Recycling coffee grounds into stuff like coffee cups.
D. Different product designers of recycling coffee grounds.
28. 答案选B。根据文章中的第一段“Sure, some of those coffee grounds are recycled as fertilizer to enrich the soil or beauty products like face masks, but most will be buried into the ground.”可知答案选B。其中A 答案干扰性比较大，文章中是美容产品，而不是让产品更漂亮。
29. 答案选C。根据文章中第三段“Finally, after many failed experiments, they came up with a mix of coffee grounds and a biopolymer(生物高聚物)that seemed to behave the way Lechner had expected it. ”可知，Lechner 把biopolymer 加入进去达到了预期效果，这样我们可以推断出biopolymer 的作用。
30. 答案选A. 根据“his creation has proven commercially successful, which is just the icing on the cake.”可知，发明所带来的商业成功和利润就是锦上添花，因此可以推断出the icing on the cake 就是指商业的利润，而不是发明的本身。
31. 答案选C. 全文主要讲述的是对咖啡渣的利用，而不是对咖啡杯的循环利用，所以选A。整个文章围绕利用咖啡渣展开，从第一段可以得知咖啡渣可用来优化土壤、制作美容产品。后来Lechner 发明了咖啡杯，以及未来打算制成各种各样的东西，因此整个文章都是讲咖啡渣的循环利用，因此选C.
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