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高三阅读理解On Friday March 13 28 year old Genovese was returning

时间:2017-05-19 17:05  作者:admin  来源:www.2abc8.com

 On Friday, March 13, 28-year-old Genovese was returning home from work. Approaching her apartment. she was attacked by a man. Though she repeatedly called for help, none of the people in the neighborhood helped. The attack began at 3:20 am. but  it was not until 3:50
am that someone first called the police. This is a most typical example of the bystander effect in psychology.
The term bystander  effect refers to the  phenomenon  in  which  the greater  the  number of people present. the less likely people are to help a person in need.
Two major factors contribute to the bystander effect. First. the presence of other people creates a diffusion(分散) of responsibility. With other observers around.individuals(个体) do not feel much pressure to take action. since the responsibility to take action is thought to be shared among those present.  The second reason is the need  to behave in correct and socially acceptable  ways.  When  other  observers  fail  to  react. individuals  often  take  this  as  a  signal that a response is not needed. Researchers have found that onlookers are less likely to act if the situation is ambiguous. where things are often confusing and not so clear.
So what can you do to avoid falling into this trap? Psychologists suggest that simply being aware of this tendency is the greatest way to break the cycle. When you face a situation that requires action. you should understand the bystander effect and consciously (有意识地) take action. But what if you are the person in need of assistance? One often-recommended approach is to single out one person from the crowd. Make eye contact and ask that individual specifically for help. By individualizing your request. it becomes much harder for people to turn you down.
24. The story of Genovese is to show .
A. the bystander effect B. the murder’s cruelty
C. the neighbors’ selfishness D. the poor public security
25. Onlookers fail to take action because the situation is .
A. urgent B. dangerous C. tense D. vague
26. What should you do when you need help from bystanders in an accident?
A. Make a polite request.
B. Turn to a specific person.
C. Become aware of the tendency.
D. Stay away from possible danger.


答案 ADB

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