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高三阅读理解For the second time in two years an American

时间:2017-11-10 18:36  作者:David  来源:本站整理

For the second time in two years, an American has won one of the most respected global awards in literature. At a ceremony in London on Tuesday night, George Saunders accepted the 2017 Man Booker Prize for Lincoln in the Bardo, his first novel.
The book is an impressive and experimental ghost story set in 1862. It explores the death of Willie Lincoln, President Abraham Lincoln’s 11-year-old son, who died of fever during the second year of the Civil War. Saunders, a Tibetan Buddhist, imagines Willie’s experiences in the “bardo,” a Buddhist state between the worlds of the living and the dead where Willie communicates with other dead souls, and where he watches his father visit his entombed body.
Writing in The Guardian earlier this year, Saunders described the process of creating the novel: “There is something wonderful in watching a figure appear from the stone, feeling the presence of something within you ... and also beyond you—something consistent, willful, kind and generous, that seems to have a plan, which seems to be: to lead you to your own higher ground.”
Saunders was the bookmakers’ favorite to win the award, but the victory by an American writer immediately after Paul Beatty claimed the prize for his novel The Sellout is controversial. Before 2014, the Man Booker was qualified only to writers from the Commonwealth and the Republic of Ireland. The decision to allow American writers to enter has disappointed authors including A.S. Byatt and Julian Barnes, who argue that the award’s main purpose was giving exposure to writers who were little-known in the broader American literary market. “The Americans have got enough prizes of their own,” Barnes told the Radio Times  last year. Ron Charles, the book critic for The Washington Post, has also argued against the inclusion of Americans. “For any serious reader of fiction in this country,” Charles wrote in September, “the Americanization of the Booker Prize is a lost opportunity to learn about great books that haven’t already been publicly announced.”
Baroness Young, The Telegraph reported, stated that the judging panel was concerned only with the worth of the books on the shortlist(入围名单), which also included Mohsin Hamid’s refugee parable Exit West, Paul Auster’s complex epic 4321, Emily Fridlund’s coming-of-age tale The History of Wolves, and Fiona Mozley’s rural fable Elmet. “We’re only concerned with the book and what that book is telling us,” Young said. “Nationality is just not an issue.”

高三阅读理解For the second time in two years an American

For Saunders, the prize is an extraordinary recognition of his first attempt into full-length novels. The 58-year-old writer was previously best-known for his short stories, which have won him four National Magazine Awards for fiction and a MacArthur Fellowship. He came to writing relatively late in life after studying geophysical engineering and working as a technical writer until 1996. The idea for Lincoln in the Bardo came to him, he wrote in The Guardian, during a visit to Washington, D.C., when his wife told him the story of a grief-stricken President Lincoln visiting Willie’s tomb to hold his son’s body. Saunders has often noted that the experience of writing for him feels like a way to transform pain and division into something positive. The author Zadie Smith, speaking with Saunders for Interview, noted that “what sets him apart is his willingness not only to go into the heart of darkness but to suggest possible routes out.”
66. Ron Charles’ words intended to tell us that ________.
  A. Saunders’ novel Lincoln in the Bardo was not serious
  B. the Man Booker shouldn’t include works written by American
  C. the Man Booker lost the opportunity to learn about great works from America
 D. the judging panel was concerned only with the worth of books
67. Which of the following writers is probably from the UK?
  A. Mohsin Hamid.    B. Paul Beatty.     C. Julian Barnes.    D. Emily Fridlund.
68. Baroness Young gave some examples of the shortlist to illustrate _______.
  A. the prize was awarded based more on content than on nationality    
B. people should pay more attention to the nationality of  the writers
  C. the Telegraph supports Baroness Young’s opinion on the books on the shortlist
  D. 4321, The History of Wolves and Elmet were of the same significance as Exit West
69. What gave Saunders the inspiration to write the novel Lincoln in the Bardo?
  A. The experience of travelling in Washington D.C.
  B. To lead himself to his own higher ground.
  C. To go into the hearts of darkness and to suggest possible routes out.
  D. His wife’s description of Lincoln holding his son’s body.
70. According to the last paragraph, which one of the following statements is true?
A. Lincoln in the Bardo is Saunders’ first writing.
  B. Saunders won four National Magazine Awards for novels.
  C. Zadie Smith thinks highly of Saunders.
D. Saunders is only known for his short stories.  


答案  66—70 BCADC

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