手机版
英语学习_英语试题_高中英语作文-爱英语吧

爱英语吧 > 阅读 > 英语阅读理解 >  > 正文

高三任务型阅读These days it should come as no surprise that

时间:2017-11-14 17:55  作者:David  来源:本站整理

These days, it should come as no surprise that improving higher-education outcomes requires limiting high ambition with sometimes harsh (严峻的) realism. Students need more options and pathways to success, and more active guidance toward the best decisions considering their individual prospects and labor-market realities.
We’ve tried to keep all doors open for all students, but we’ve created a system that provides inadequate guidance and poor options for many, particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds. Many of them arrive at college unprepared for academic work, burdened by financial difficulties and a lack of knowledge of the world of higher education, and bound to work full-time to support their families.
The characteristics of the institutions students from disadvantaged backgrounds attend often worsen their difficulties. Community and technical colleges receive too little funding from states. They also face too low a motive to respond to labor-market forces by expanding capacity in occupational or work-force programs in fields with strong labor-market demand.
In addition, many institutions provide students with too little structure, allowing them to wander aimlessly, with little direction or knowledge of what they want to do, and with very little academic or career consulting to guide them. Thus, many end up in general studies. Choosing a path to a certificate or associate degree in a high-demand occupation increases a student’s chances of earning a qualification with high labor-market value, but most are never told of these possibilities.
Changing these outcomes will require more and better supports for students with barriers to overcome, but it will also require strengthening institutions so they have the structure and the resources needed to promote success among their students. It will require helping students make better choices about which college to attend and what to study—and about whether a purely academic path right after high school is best for them.
Evidence is accumulating that restructuring developmental education, by tailoring requirements to what students plan to study and integrating this work with for-credit classes, can increase academic success.
More dollars for students to cover their expenses are, of course, important. But simplifying the financial-aid system, making it more flexible and building in better motives for student performance could make it much more effective. Experiments that allow financial aid to be used for noncredit programs in high-demand fields, with carefully designed limits to protect program quality and integrity, have the potential to strengthen opportunities for students.
Early education for all students about careers and the labor market is essential to helping students reach their goals, as is developing a range of high-quality career and technical pathways that start in high school—including apprenticeships (学徒)and other forms of work-based learning—so students with weaker academic skills can also earn qualifications and get good jobs.
Policy makers and postsecondary institutions have a responsibility to implement constructive change; opening the doors of college to all who can benefit is a good start—but it’s far from sufficient. We must meet students where they are and recognize the impact of their circumstances on their chances for success.

高三任务型阅读These days it should come as no surprise that

 


答案 71. adds/contributes  72. arising/existing  73. adapt/adjust  74. Lack     75. access
76. Besides    77. benefit    78. simple   79. must/necessity   80. catering

 

 

 

TAG标签高三 任务型阅读