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2018厦门市高三质检阅读理解British parents encourage their ch

时间:2018-01-24 18:35  作者:David  来源:本站整理

British parents encourage their children to play musical instruments as part of a family tradition and not to raise their social status as Americans do, research says.

Dr. Aaron Reeves of the University of Oxford found that UK parents did not see musical achievement by their children as character building or useful in getting university places or jobs. Instead, it was usually only those parents who played instruments that encouraged their children to follow suit.

This contrasted with research carried out by other academics in America, he said. “Middle-class parents in the US appear to associate cultural practice with other benefits, such as developing specific characteristics and paving the way for educational success. Middle-class families are often marked by a pattern of 'concerted cultivation’,where parents organize music-centred activities for their children, often in addition to school-based musical practice.” Researchers had owed this to “parental anxiety over the declining fortunes of educated Americans. These parents have become increasingly worried about providing their children with skills and abilities enabling them to stand out from their competitors in the job market.”
By contrast, for British respondents, no such connection was made between what is considered as an overbearing parenting style and future educational or career possibilities. The parents interviewed here did not connect music with usefulness but rather they focused on the value of music as a family tradition and, to a lesser extent, as something valuable in its own right.

One Scottish parent, a chemist by profession, said during the interviews, “We’ve got two learning musical instruments. If we think it’s maybe worthwhile we try and encourage them, but we wouldn’t force them.” A housewife said, “My son’s just turned five and I want him to do the guitar because his uncle does it, but it’s up to him.”

In some UK families, said Dr. Reeves, music was even “believed to be an obstacle to educational success, or at least secondary to it.”

28. What do British parents think of music learning?

A. Useful for job application. B. Helpful for character building.

C. Beneficial to further education. D. Worthwhile as a family tradition.

29. What does the underlined word “this” in Paragraph 4 refer to?

A. Cultural practice. B. Educational success.

C. Concerted cultivation. D. School-based musical practice.

30. What can be inferred from the text?

A. The future of American kids is not promising.

B. American parents hardly link music with success.

C. Music learning is a personal choice for British kids.

D. British parents show little concern about education.

31. What is the text mainly about?

A. Reasons for British music preference.

B. British parenting style in music education.

C. Americans' attitude towards music learning.

D. Differences between British and American parents.

2018厦门高三期末单科质检答案汇总
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答案 28. D 29. C 30. C 31. B 

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