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高三完形填空解析Education is very close in my heart

时间:2018-04-15 21:26  作者:David  来源:本站整理

Education is very close in my heart. My father grew up in a very small village in China. In those days, not many villagers could read. So my father —41 — a night school to teach them how to read. With his help, many people learned to  42 their own names; with his help,many people learned to read newspapers for the first time; with his help, many women were able to 43 their children how to read. As his daughter, I know what 44 means to the people, especially those without it.

After generations of hard work, China —45— a long way in education. I myself 46 that progress. Otherwise,I would never become a fam0US singer and a professor of music. I am following my father’s  47 to help continue China’s success story. I am truly 48 to work with the UN and do something about Global Education. I have visited many schools around the world. I’ ve seen first-hand how much we can do for education.
Education is about women and girls. It is important for girls to go to school because they will become their children’s —49— teacher someday. But women still 50 over half of the world’s poor in population ami 60% of adults who can't read. Education is of extreme importance in__51  such inequalities. Education is about equality. In poor countries and regions the number of school dropouts is —52 . We call for more educational 53 _ to these places.

Education is about the young people. Young people are the future. Education is important because it not only gives young people 54 and skills but also helps them become 55 citizens. As the UNESCO special envoy(特使)and the mother myself, my 56 to education for all will never change. Many years ago my father made a small difference in his village. _57_, we can make a big difference in the world.

I was once asked about my Chinese 58 . I said I hope all children especially girls can have access to good education. I 59 one day education first will no longer be a dream but a reality _60_ by every young woman on this planet.

41. A. rebuilt B. found C. attended D. opened

42. A. remember B. pronounce C. write D. confirm

43. A. teach B. inform C. convince D. enquire

44. A. education B. contribution C. devotion D. civilization

45. A. has travelled B. has come C. has walked D. has taken

46. A. contribute to B. approve of C. benefit from D. pass down

47. A. routine B. fashion   C. suggestions D. footsteps

48. A. determined B. confident C. honored D. fortunate

49. A. first B. unforgettable C. impressive D. patient

50. A. care for B. account for C. stand for D. allow for

51. A. accepting、 B. tolerating C. handling D. evaluating

52. A. controversial B. anibiguous C. accurate D. astonishing

53. A. resources B. experiences C. qualifications D. materials

54. A. permission B. strength C. wealth D. knowledge

55. A. independent B. responsible C. intelligent D. capable

56. A. response B. commitment C. reaction . D. attention

57. A. Together B. Meanwhile C. Therefore D. Moreover

58. A. expectation B. vision C. dream D. ambition

59. A. promise B, believe C. assume D. sense

60. A. desired B. realized C. faced D. enjoyed


【文章大意】本文是一篇彭丽媛女士在联合国总部发表的有关教育的致辞。作者主要讲述了多年前,她的父亲通过教育使他所在的村庄发生了改变,携起手来,我们也可以通过教育使这个世界得到巨变。她希望所有的孩子特别是女孩子都能接受良好教育,这就是她的中国梦。她坚信,总有一天,“教育第一”将不再是一个梦想,而是会成为让全球年轻女性共享的美好现实。
【核心词汇】
education  教育                 account for (数量上、比例上)占……
benefit from 从……中获益        astonishing 令人惊异的;难以置信的        
commitment 承诺;奉献          make a difference 有作为;有影响
41. D   根据上文中 “My father grew up in a very small village in China. In those days, not many villagers could read”可知, 此处指父亲开办了(opened)一所夜校教他们识字。
rebuilt 重建   found (find的过去式)    attended 参加
42. C   根据上一句“So my father opened a night school to teach them how to read” 可知,在父亲的帮助下,许多人学会了写(write)自己的名字。
remember 记住   pronounce 发音   confirm 证实;证明;确认
43. A   根据上一句“So my father opened a night school to teach them how to read”可知,在父亲的帮助下,许多妇女开始有能力教(teach)自己的孩子读书。
inform 通知;告诉   convince 使确信;使相信;使信服   enquire 询问;打听
44. A   根据文章中第一句“Education is very close in my heart”及下文对父亲办教育的叙述可知,作为他的女儿(深受父亲的影响),我知道教育(education)对许多人来说意味着什么,特别是对那些没有文化的人。
contribution贡献   devotion奉献   civilization文明
45. B   根据语境“After generations of hard work ”可知,结果为China has come a long way(已经取得很大进步)in education”。
has traveled/walked a long way走了很长一段路
has taken a long way 需要走很长一段路
46. C   根据下一句,“Otherwise , I would never become a famous singer and a Professor of Music”可知,我今天的成就,是我本人得益于(benefit from)那种进步使然。
contribute to有助于;促成   approve of支持;批准   pass down传下来;继承;
47. D   根据本句中“continue”一词可知, 我在沿着父亲的足迹/效仿父亲的行动(following my father’s footsteps),继续中国的成功故事。
follow routine墨守成规   follow fashion追逐时尚   follow suggestions遵循建议
48. C   根据本句中的原因状语 “to work with the UN and do something about Global Education”可知,对与联合国一道工作,为全球教育做些贡献,感到由衷的荣幸(truly honored);且在第五段中“As the UNESCO special envoy”也可知,此为一项至高无上的荣誉。
determined有决心的   confident有信心的   fortunate幸运的;侥幸的
49. A   根据本句中“It is important for girls to go to school because …”可知, 女孩子接受教育的重要性在于,她们有一天将会成为自己孩子的第一个老师(first teacher)。
unforgettable难忘的   impressive给人深刻印象的;令人钦佩的   patient耐心的
50. B   根据本句中 “60% of adults”可知,上半句是叙述妇女占世界贫困人口的比例(account for)。
care for喜欢;照顾   stand for代表;支持;象征   allow for考虑到
51. C   根据下句“Education is about equality”可知,教育是解决(handling)此类不平等的关键。
accepting接受   tolerating容忍   evaluating 评价
52. D   根据下句“We call for more educational      to these places”可知, 正因为在贫穷国家和地区,辍学的数目是惊人的(astonishing),作者才呼吁对这些地方有更多教育方面的投入。
controversial有争议的   ambiguous模棱两可的   accurate精确的
53. A  此句与上文为因果关系,因为在贫穷国家和地区辍学的数目是惊人的,所以作者呼吁的应是对这些地方有更多教育资源(resources)的投入。
experiences经历   qualifications资格证书   materials材料
54. D   根据第一段中的句意,我父亲开办夜校给村民以教育的结果是,许多人学会了写自己的名字、看报、以及教孩子读书等知识。因此,此句中教育给予年轻人的直接结果就是知识(knowledge)。
permission允许   strength力量   wealth 财富
55. B   根据本句中的 “not only”和“but also”可知,教育不仅给予年轻人知识和技能,而且上升为更高层次,让年轻人有所成就,甚而接过教育的大旗,使教育薪火相传,让这个世界变得更加美好,而首先是具有责任心才能做好这一切。因此,帮助年轻人成为有责任心的(responsible)公民应是教育的更高层次和目标。
independent 独立的   intelligent聪明的   capable有能力的
56. B   根据第二段中的“I am truly honored to … and do something about Global Education”以及最后一段中的 “I said I hope all children especially girls can have access to good education”可知, “我对人人享有教育的承诺(commitment)永不改变”。
response回答;回应   reaction 反应;感应   attention注意力;关心
57. A   根据上一句“Many years ago, my father made a small difference in his village”与本句“we can make a big difference”中的“my father” 与“we”, “small” 与“big”的对比可知,多年前,父亲(通过一己之力,用教育)改变了所在村庄;现在,“携起手来(Together),我们能够(通过教育)使这个世界得到巨变”。
Meanwhile同时   Therefore因此   Moreover再者;此外
58. C   根据本段第三句中的“one day education first will no longer be a dream”可知,作者曾经被问到有关自己的中国梦(Chinese dream)。
expectation期望   vision视力;美景   ambition野心;雄心
59. B   根据上一句中“I hope all children …”的“hope”可知,本句为美好愿望的升华,“我相信(believe)有一天‘教育优先’将不再是一个梦想”。
promise答应;承诺   assume假定;假设;  sense感觉到;意识到
60. D   根据第三段中的第一句“Education is about women and girls”,第四段中的第一句“Education is about the young people”及最后一段中的第二句“I said I hope all children especially girls can have access to good education”可知,“有一天, ‘教育优先’将变成这个星球上每一个年轻女性都能享有(enjoyed)的现实”。 desired渴望;期望   realized实现   faced面对;面临

 

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