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中考阅读理解真题Sometimes when you worry that you may

时间:2018-09-12 18:51  作者:David  来源:本站整理

 Sometimes,when you worry that you may fail an exam,you end up failing.Or during a seating arrangement (安排) in your class,when you are afraid to sit next to someone you don' t like,you end up sharing the desk with him or her.
    This is what Murphy' s Law tells us: If things can go wrong,they will go wrong.But is it true?
    Of the studies about Murphy' s Law,the most famous one is the buttered toast (烤面包片)phenomenon (现象): One toast with butter falls,it lands butter﹣side down most of the time.
    To prove this,Robert Matthews did a lot of experiments with more than 1,000British school kids in 2001.
    In the first experiment,each student put a piece of buttered toast on a plate,let it fall off 20times and noted which side it landed on.Of almost 10,000experiments,toast landed butter﹣side down 62percent of the time.
    But you may ask: Is it the butter that plays a role? Here comes Matthews' second experiment.
    This time,instead of butter,the toast had a letter "B" written on one side.It still landed 58 percent of the time on the B﹣side.
    This proved that Murphy' s Law is true: If the toast can land butter﹣side down,it will do so.
    Matthews did another experiment.When students threw the toast from a height of 2.5metres,the toast landed butter﹣side down only 47percent of the time.
    "Toast lands butter﹣side down because humans aren' t tall enough to let it land any other way," Matthews said.
根据上文内容判断正 (T) 误(F)
(1)According to Murphy' s Law,in an English class,if you don' t want to be questioned by the teacher,you may end up failing answering the questions. T 
(2)In the first experiment of buttered toast,we know the toast landed butter﹣side down about 620times. F 
(3)If the toast can land butter﹣side down,Murphy' s Law is true. F 
(4)In the first two experiments,either the butter or the letter "B" plays a role. F 
(5)The passage is mainly talking about Murphy' s Law depends on people' s mental state(心理状态). T 
【分析】短文讲了墨菲定律,通过实验告诉我们墨菲定律对人们的影响.
【解答】1.T 细节判断题.根据第二段句子This is what Murphy' s Law tells us: If things can go wrong,they will go wrong.这就是墨菲定律告诉我们的:如果凡事可能出岔子,就一定会出岔子.可知根据墨菲定律,在英语课上,如果你不想被老师提问,你可能会在回答问题时失败.故答案为T.
2.F 细节判断题.根据第五段句子In the first experiment,each student put a piece of buttered toast on a plate,let it fall off 20times and noted which side it landed on.在第一个实验中,每个学生在一个盘子上放了一块涂了奶油的烤面包片,让它掉下20次,并注意到它落在了哪一边.可知在第一个涂了奶油的烤面包的实验中,我们知道烤面包的奶油面大约掉在下面620次是错误的.故答案为F.
3.F 细节判断题.根据倒数第三段句子Of the studies about Murphy' s Law,the most famous one is the buttered toast (烤面包片)phenomenon (现象): One toast with butter falls,it lands butter﹣side down most of the time.在关于墨菲定律的研究中,最著名的一种是涂了奶油的烤面包现象:一份加黄油的面包落地,大多次数都是黄油面落地.和This time,instead of butter,the toast had a letter "B" written on one side.It still landed 58 percent of the time on the B﹣side.这一次,面包没有黄油,而是在一边写了字母"B".它仍然有58%的次数在b面.Toast lands butter﹣side down because humans aren' t tall enough to let it land any other way"马休斯说,烤面包片掉落时在黄油面,因为人不够高让它以任何其他方式着陆,"Matthews说.可知面包落在哪一面主要取决于人的心理问题,而不只是黄油的问题,所以此说法太绝对.故答案为F.
4.F 细节判断题.根据最后一段句子"Toast lands butter﹣side down because humans aren' t tall enough to let it land any other way," Matthews said.马休斯说,烤面包片掉落时在奶油面,因为人类没有足够的能力让它以任何其他方式着陆,"Matthews说.可知在前两个实验中,要么是奶油,要么是字母"B"起了作用是错误的.故答案为F.
5.T 细节判断题.根据整篇文章内容及其第二段句子This is what Murphy' s Law tells us: If things can go wrong,they will go wrong.But is it true?这就是墨菲定律告诉我们的:如果凡事可能出岔子,就一定会出岔子.可但这是真实的吗?及后面的结论"Toast lands butter﹣side down because humans aren' t tall enough to let it land any other way"马休斯说,烤面包片掉落时在奶油面,因为人类不够高让它以任何其他方式着陆,"Matthews说.可知这篇文章主要讨论的是墨菲定律取决于人们的心理状态.故答案为T.
【点评】做好简单推理判断题.以具体事实为依据进行推理,做出判断.只要弄清事实,即可结合常识推断出合理的结论.

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