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2018年11月浙江高考英语真题This month millions of American kids can

时间:2018-11-07 11:11  作者:Edmond  来源:本站整理

 This month millions of American kids can forget about classroom bells and set off forgrandparents’homes,sleep-away camps and lifeguard stands.Butsummer vacation hasn’talways been a birthright of U.S. schoolchildren. Before the Civil War, schools operated onone of two calendars(日历), neither of which included a summer vacation. Rural (农村的)schooling was divided into summer and winter terms, leaving kids free to help with the farmwork in the spring planting and fall harvest seasons.Urban students,meanwhile, regularly hadas many as 48 weeks of study a year, with one break per quarter.
In the 1840s, however, educational reformers like Horace Mann moved to combine thetwo calendars out of concern that rural schooling was not enough and that overusing of youngminds could lead to nervous disorders.Summer appeared as the obvious time for a break:itoffered a rest for teachers,fit in the farming calendar and reduced doctors’concern thatpacking students into hot classrooms would promote the spread of disease.
    But people's opinion about the modern U.S. school year, which averages 180 days, isstill divided.Some experts say its pleasant but lazy summer break, which took hold in theearly 20th century, is one of the reasons math skills and graduation rates of U.S. highschoolers ranked well below average in two international education reports published in 2007.Others insist that with children under increasing pressure to devote their downtime to internships (实习) or study, there’s still room for an institution that protects the lazy days ofchildhood.


24. What did the rural school calendar before the Civil War allow children to do?
A. Enjoy a summer vacation.
B. Take a break each quarter.
C. Have 48 weeks of study a year.
D. Assist their parents with farm work.
25. What did the educational reformers do in the 1840s?
A.They introduced summer vacation.
B. They shortened rural school terms.
C. They promoted the study of farming.
D. They advocated higher pay for teachers.
26. Why are some people unhappy about the modern U.S. school year?
A. It pushes the teachers too hard.  B. It reduces the quality of education.
C. It ignores science instruction.  D. It includes no time for internships.

2018年11月浙江省高中学业水平考试暨高考选考试题答案汇总
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答案 24. D 25. A 26. B

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