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高一阅读理解Growing up in a poor neighborhood greatly

时间:2018-11-10 18:54  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

 (以下A(易)、B(难)两种题型任选一种,做A种题型的不做B种,做B种题型的不做A种)

Growing up in a poor neighborhood greatly reduces the chances that a child will graduate from high school, according to a study. And the longer a child lives in that kind of neighborhood, the more harmful the effect will be.

The study by Geoffrey Wodtke and David Harding of American universities is the first to discover that growing up in America’s most disadvantaged neighborhoods has the influence on high school graduation.

Compared to growing up in normal neighborhoods, growing up in neighborhoods with high levels of poverty and unemployment reduces the chances of high school graduation from 96 % to 76% for black children. The effect on white children is also harmful, but not as large, reducing their chances of graduating from 95% to 87 % .

While previous researches examined neighborhood effects on children at a single point in rime,the new study follows 2, 093 children from age 1 through age 17, examining the neighborhoods in which they lived every year.

For the study, the researchers described poor neighborhoods as those with high poverty, unemployment and many female-supported households,and few well-educated adults.

Wodtke said, “Our results show that long-term living in disadvantaged neighborhoods has a much greater negative effect on the chances of high school graduation than earlier research. ” Edward R. Munow, a famous journalist added, “It seems that an immediate effort from the government is needed for ndghborhcxxl improvement in order to solve the problems we found in our study. Great neighborhoods may have a great effect on children’s development many years or even generations later. ”

(以下是A种题型)

47. Who did the research according to the text?

A. American government.

B. American communities.

C. Geoffrey Wodtke and David Harding.

D. David Harding and Edward R. Murrow.

48 . How long did the research last?

A. For 17 years. B. For 20 years.

C. For 17 months. D. For 20 weeks.

49. Which of the following is hard to find in poor neighborhoods?

A. Starvation. B. Unemployment.

C. Housewives. D. Well-educated adults.

50 . What does the text suggest the government do to solve the problem?

A. Organize more studies. B. Improve neighborhoods.

C. Move away poor families. D. Set up many more banks.
(以下是B种题型)

47. What does the research show from the first paragraph?

48. Who are more influenced in poor neighborhoods according to the third paragraph?

49. What is the difference between the new study and previous ones?

50. What effect do great neighborhoods have on children?


答案

CADB (以下是B种题型答案)

说明:47〜50小题根据学生答题情况酌情给分。

47. Growing up in a poor neighborhood greatly reduces the chances that a child will graduate from high school.

48. Black children.

49. The new study is a long-term and continuous one, while previous researches were done at a single point in time.(照抄整个段落不给分)

50. Great neighborhoods may have a great effect on children’s development many years or even generations later.

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