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太原市2018-2019学年第一学期期中考高一英语试卷及答案爱英语吧首发(5)

时间:2018-11-10 18:50  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

C

(以下A(易)、B(难)两种题型任选一种,做A种题型的不做B种,做B种题型的不做A种)

Growing up in a poor neighborhood greatly reduces the chances that a child will graduate from high school, according to a study. And the longer a child lives in that kind of neighborhood, the more harmful the effect will be.

The study by Geoffrey Wodtke and David Harding of American universities is the first to discover that growing up in America’s most disadvantaged neighborhoods has the influence on high school graduation.

Compared to growing up in normal neighborhoods, growing up in neighborhoods with high levels of poverty and unemployment reduces the chances of high school graduation from 96 % to 76% for black children. The effect on white children is also harmful, but not as large, reducing their chances of graduating from 95% to 87 % .

While previous researches examined neighborhood effects on children at a single point in rime,the new study follows 2, 093 children from age 1 through age 17, examining the neighborhoods in which they lived every year.

For the study, the researchers described poor neighborhoods as those with high poverty, unemployment and many female-supported households,and few well-educated adults.

Wodtke said, “Our results show that long-term living in disadvantaged neighborhoods has a much greater negative effect on the chances of high school graduation than earlier research. ” Edward R. Munow, a famous journalist added, “It seems that an immediate effort from the government is needed for ndghborhcxxl improvement in order to solve the problems we found in our study. Great neighborhoods may have a great effect on children’s development many years or even generations later. ”

(以下是A种题型)

47. Who did the research according to the text?

A. American government.

B. American communities.

C. Geoffrey Wodtke and David Harding.

D. David Harding and Edward R. Murrow.

48 . How long did the research last?

A. For 17 years. B. For 20 years.

C. For 17 months. D. For 20 weeks.

49. Which of the following is hard to find in poor neighborhoods?

A. Starvation. B. Unemployment.

C. Housewives. D. Well-educated adults.

50 . What does the text suggest the government do to solve the problem?

A. Organize more studies. B. Improve neighborhoods.

C. Move away poor families. D. Set up many more banks.
(以下是B种题型)

47. What does the research show from the first paragraph?

48. Who are more influenced in poor neighborhoods according to the third paragraph?

49. What is the difference between the new study and previous ones?

50. What effect do great neighborhoods have on children?

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。答案写在答题卡上。

I never really knew exactly how I felt about starting high school. While I was excited to make new friends and learn new things, I knew the work would be difficult. Knowing what I know now, there really isn’ t much to worry about! _51_Here is just a list of some of the things I found helpful throughout my first year.

_52_ High school is the time to try new things, and luckily your school has so much to offer! There are so many clubs to choose from, like the environmental club, Spanish club, cooking club and so many more! _53_So if you’ve always wanted to try out golf or give soccer a try,now it’s your time to try! Joining a club or sport is also a great way to meet people!

Don’t be afraid to ask questions. If you don’t understand the material,ask your teacher!

There axe others who also don’t understand and they are silently asking the same question.

_54_If you are having great difficulty, you can also set up a time before or after school to meet with your teacher. Remember, they are there to help you!

Doing the homework really helps you. Sure, sometimes it may seem like busy work, but it's only making you better! You need to be spending a good amount of time on your homework. _55_

Knowing these things will hopefully make you feel a little more confident about your freshman year of high school.

A. Join an interesting club or sport.

B. They’ll be glad someone speaks up.

C. Many schools also offer a wide variety of sports.

D. So, guys, I’m here to help you make it through the first year!

E. Plus, if you do it, you will take responsibility off your shoulders.

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