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高三阅读理解Ladies if you find yourselves wandering an

时间:2018-12-05 17:46  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

 Ladies, if you find yourselves wandering an unknown city with a man who is questioning your directional abilities, don’t doubt yourselves.
A  recent  small  study  published  in  the  journal  Psychological  Science  found  that  the longstanding theory that women have a more difficult time reading maps wasn’t true.
Historically, men have performed better than women in studies that tested their spatial(空间的)ability.  But  the  leading study  author  Margaret Tarampi  and a  researcher  from the University of California, Santa Barbara theorized that social influences had an effect on this outcome: The cultural belief that women are worse at reading maps could be seen as a stereotype(固有模式) threat, meaning women believe they’re bad at something, so they perform poorly as a result. The researchers also theorized that women performed better at skills that involve a social element. In other words, if reading a map means helping someone else, they might perform better.
Tarampi and her team tested both theories on undergraduate students at UCSB across three separate experiments. And, indeed, the results showed that men scored better than women only when they were mentioned the stereotype of male superiority before the test.
When the researchers did not mention it and gave a social context for reading the map, women’s scores improved across the board. Women also performed better when the test maps simply included human figures, rather than just random objects and landmarks.
So ladies, next time you struggle to figure out whether you should make a left or right at the Louvre, take out your tourist map with a healthy dose of confidence.
32. What is the purpose of the first paragraph?
A. To warn women of one of their shortcomings.
B. To introduce the topic of the passage.
C. To encourage women to read maps.
D. To state a social phenomenon.
33. Women are thought to be worse at reading maps because of .
A. a poor sense of direction B. a lack of experience
C. a social stereotype D. threats from others
34. Men performed better than women in the study when .
A. they were asked to help someone else by reading a map
B. they were informed of the stereotype before the test
C. the test maps simply included human figures
D. there were social elements in the map
35. What can be concluded from the passage?
A. Women can read maps as well as men. B. Women are better drivers than men.
C. Women always have difficulty reading maps.  D. Women are better at spatial ability.


答案 32-35 BCBA

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