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高二阅读理解One of the greatest findings of the 20th century

时间:2018-12-07 19:06  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

One of the greatest findings of the 20th century is what scholars call the Dead Sea Scrolls (卷宗):ancicnt texts found in Israel, at a point northwest of the Dead Sea.

In the ancient settlement of Qumran, a shepherd wandered away from his tribe and accidentally came across a cave, and went in only to discover a few pottery jars which contained scrolls made of animal skin, papyrus, and precious metals. They were written from 150 BC to 70 AD.

These scrolls are called the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the discovery caused a frantic search for more. From 1947 to 1956, a total of ten other eaves were found, all housing(给……房子住)scrolls. In total, over 800 full documents were found, as well as many more fragments(片段)of text, all more than 2,000 years old. While most of them are in Hebrew, there are portions that contained Aramaic and Greek.

There arc biblical texts, as well as documents that explain Jewish history and how society worked back then. In addition, the scrolls contain one of the oldest religious texts, parts of the writing include the same stories that show up in the Old Testament of the Hebrew Bible.

Today, scholars still aren't completely sure who wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls. For now, the most popular theory is that the Essenes, one of the four Jewish groups that lived in that area around that time, are the authors. They may have fled the Temple of Jerusalem through underground sewers (排水沟)during the Roman invasion and perhaps sought refuge (避难所)in the caves.

Recently, a twelfth cave in Qumran has been discovered. Pottery jars, the same ones used to store the scrolls in the other caves, precious stones, and leather used to wrap the scrolls have been found. However, traces of modem pickaxe heads suggest that any scrolls the cave contained were possibly stolen around the 1950s.

In the end, archeologists only pulled out a roll of blank parchment from the cave, but these hints prove there are definitely more scrolls that have yet to be found. If more Dead Sea Scrolls are discovered, would they deepen our understanding of that time?

12. According to the text. Dead Sea Scrolls were found        .

A. by ancient Greeks B. in Israel

C. in 150 BC D. in Greece

13. The scrolls were perhaps written by the Essenes who         .

A. spread the stories in the Hebrew Bible

B. built the sewers of the Temple of Jerusalem

C. hid in the caves to escape the Roman invasion

D. could use animal skin to make scrolls

14. According to the text, the twelfth cave         .

A. stored some modem pottery jars B. was once full of precious stones

C. contained a surprising number of scrolls D. was most likely broken in

15. What might be the most suitable title for the text?

A. Could There Be More Dead Sea Scrolls?

B. Does Dead Sea Scrolls Keep Record of History?

C. Will More Caves Be Found with Dead Sea Scrolls?

D. Should Dead Sea Scrolls Be Buried in Caves?


答案 12-15 BCDA

 

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