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高三七选五试题We are surrounded by messages trying

时间:2019-04-18 19:23  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

We are surrounded by messages trying to get our attention. Advertisers, politicians and other groups all try to get us to agree with them. __36__. Propaganda is not always a bad thing, but it often hides the truth about a topic. It’s very similar to advertising, whose goal is to get people to buy something, while propaganda is to change what people believe.
Propaganda Techniques
To create propaganda, a common technique is name-calling. A politician might call someone a traitor or liar, which makes the other person look bad. Another is the trend technique. People want to be on the side in the favor. __37__. Some propaganda is based on fear. It scares people into choosing a certain side or taking action, which might not be bad. Anti-smoking campaigns are one example. They may scare people into thinking that if they smoke, they will get cancer.
__38__
Propaganda is used by many groups, such as businesses, politicians and the government. It is spread through posters, television and radio. The Internet makes it easy to send messages to the whole world.
Types of Propaganda
Political propaganda has been around as long as there have been politicians. __39__. People have used it for many years. War propaganda began during World War I, more than 100 years ago.
To see if propaganda is saying the truth, people need to do extra work. For example, ads might always sound like they’re true. But before you believe them, try to think about who created and paid for them. Find out why they did it. __40__.
A. Propaganda Targets
B. Propaganda Mediums
C. Another word for this is propaganda
D. So most people will agree with those politicians
E. Then, you can decide if they’re being honest or not
F. However, religious propaganda was actually the first official one
G. People might join someone who claims to be popular or winning

答案
【语篇导读】本文为说明文,主要介绍了宣传的作用,手段,传播媒介以及种类。
36. C 【解析】过渡句。生活中的信息欲引起人们的广泛关注;广告商、政客和其它群体试图让人们同意他们的观点,都离不开宣传造势,该句引出了主题。
37. G 【解析】支撑句。主要的宣传手段有:贴标签、从众宣传以及引发恐惧等。该句为从众宣传的具体表现。
38. B 【解析】主题句。第三段主要介绍宣传的传播途径。
39. F 【解析】支撑句。第四段主要介绍宣传的三种主要类别:政治宣传、宗教宣传和战争宣传。
40. E 【解析】支撑句。 通过了解宣传者的意图和目的,才能知晓宣传的真实性。

 

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