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2019汕头二模阅读理解A Russian spacecraft traveling to the

时间:2019-05-06 12:34  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

A Russian  spacecraft  traveling  to  the  International  Space  Station  Thursday  had  to make  an emergency landing when a rocket engine failed to fire. It was the latest in a recent series of failures for the Russian space program, which is also used by the U.S. to carry its astronauts to the station. 

United States astronaut Nick Hague and Russian astronaut Alexei Ovchinin landed safely about 20 kilometers from Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan. The city is about 450 kilometers from the Russia’s Baikonur  space  center,  which  Russia  operates  through  an  agreement  with  the  Republic  of Kazakhstan. 

Both the U.S. space agency NASA and Russia’s Roscosmos reported that the two were quickly recovered from the landing area by rescue crews. A spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin said, “Thank God the crew is alive” after they had landed safely. 

About  two  minutes  after  launching,  the  three-stage  Soyuz  booster  rocket  suffered  an unspecified  failure of  its  second  stage. Russia’s TASS news  agency  said  the  capsule  carrying  the two men separated from the troubled rocket safely. This caused the capsule to drop very sharply into the Earth’s atmosphere. Parachutes(降落伞)helped slow the returning capsule. Search and rescue teams were sent to recover the crew. 

Russia’s  RIA  news  agency  reported  that  Russia  has  immediately  put off  all manned  space launches after the failure. Roscosmos head Dmitry Rogozin said he had ordered a state commission to  carry  out  an  investigation  into  what  went  wrong.  He  said  Russia  will  share  all  relevant information with the U.S.   

The TASS news agency said that the ISS crew has enough supplies and that the failed launch will not affect operations.   

The U.S. and other nations have depended on Russia  to carry astronauts  to  the  ISS since  the retirement of the Space Shuttle program in 2011. In coming years, American aerospace companies SpaceX, with its Dragon 2, and Boeing, with its Starliner, are expected to return to space. 

32. What can be the best title of the text? 

A. The Rescue of Two Astronauts         B. The Launch of Russian Spacecraft 

C. Cooperation between Russia and America       D. Emergency Landing in Failed Space Launch 

33. What caused the failure of the launch? 

A. The problem of the engine.           B. The terrible weather. 

C. The drop of the capsule.           D. The wrong operation. 

34. What can we infer from the last two paragraphs? 

A. SpaceX is sure to go back to space soon. 

B. America carried astronauts to the ISS by itself before 2011. 

C. Now only Russia can carry astronauts to space. 

D. the ISS crew lives a very good life in the space station. 

35. What can we learn about the launch? 

A. The capsule landed safely in Dzhezkazgan, Russia. 

B. Russia had never failed in the space launch before this failure. 

C. The failed launch will have a serious effect on the operations. 

D. At first the capsule dropped very rapidly into the Earth’s atmosphere.  

答案 DABD

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