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成都七中2020届高三零诊模拟考试英语试卷及答案(6)

时间:2019-07-12 19:47  作者:Edmond  来源:本站整理

第二节  (共 5 小题;每小题 2分, 满分 10分) 

根据短文内容,  从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,  并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 

What is culture? 

Culture is too complex to define in simple terms.  36   One is that culture is a total pattern of behaviour that is consistent  in  its  components.  Another  fundamental  is that  culture  is  learned  behaviour.  The  third  is  that  culture  is behaviour that is shared by a group of people. 

To understand the culture of a particular country or region, one could examine its components, among which are material  culture, language,  and  social  organizat ion.  Material  culture includes the tools  and  symbols in  a  society,  not including those physical things found in nature, unless they have undergone some change or have been given  meaning by people.    37     The way we consume and what we consume are heavily influenced by material culture.  

38  Linked  with  all  other  aspects  of  culture,  it  reflects  the  nature  and  values  of  that  culture.  Industrialized societies  have  a  rich  vocabulary  for  commercial  and industrial  activit ies,  while less  industrialized  societies  may  have richer vocabularies for  matters important to their societies.  The  Eskimos in  Alaska have  many  words to describe snow whereas English has only one general term.  

Social organizat ion differs somewhat from society to society. The primary kind of community association is based on blood ties.  39  . It provides mutual protection, psychological support, and a kind of economic insurance or social security for its members. The term “brothers” in Zaire  includes those whom we call cousins and uncles. 

Cultural  analys  is serves  a  variety  of  purposes.  Understanding the  various  dimensions  and their inter- relatedness helps promote cross-cultural awareness.  40   

 

A. Some scholars even suggest that it is useless to try.  

B. Language is the most obvious difference between cultures.  

C. However, there are certain agreed- on fundamentals that can be easily identified. 

D. The values represented within a culture can also change with the passing of time.  

E. For example, a mouse running on a street is not part of a culture, but the Mickey Mouse is. 

F. In many developing  countries, the extended family fulfills  several social and economic roles.  

G. It leads on to the promotion of goodwill, social and economic planning and harmony between social groupings or 

societies. 

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