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安徽六校教育研究会2020届高三第一次素质测试英语试卷及答案(5)

时间:2019-08-30 18:48  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

C

Dr. John Wilkins was a natural philosopher who lived from 1614 until 1672. He was crazy about getting to the moon and meeting the people who surely lived there. Wilkins believed that anything as Earth-like as the moon must have been created by God for living beings, and he was determined to meet them—despite the fact that he was three centuries ahead of his time.

In the 1600s, the scientific understanding of gravity and outer space was limited. Wilkins believed, like many 17th-century scientists, that there was no difference between the atmosphere of Earth and the conditions in space, and that Earth’s pull was due to magnetism (磁力). It was only reasonable, then, that Wilkins believed a two-wheeled horse-drawn battle car with wings with enough speed could lift high enough off the ground to break free of Earth’s magnetic pull and reach the moon.

ThenWilkins moved on to more pressing issues with his remarkable ability to think of new ideas: How would travelers feed themselves during the journey? He theorized that the main cause of hunger was simply the act of working against gravity, so getting to the moon without being burdened by it would be able to be realized. There was some knowledge at that time about the fact that air gets

thinner and colder the higher up you go, but he had a fix for that too, “moistened sponges (湿润的海绵) might help us against its thinness” .

By studying the way in which birds fly, which also happened to be part of the studies that led to planes and rockets centuries later, Wilkins put his theory to the test with the help of a colleague, Robert Hooke. Neither of the two ever recorded their attempts, but it’s somewhat safe to say that it didn’t work out. Hooke himself may have been the reason he gave up hope, in fact, since he was part of the team that discovered space was a place without oxygen.

28.What do we know about Dr. JohnWilkins?

A. He dreamed of landing on the moon.

B. He wrote about people living on the moon.

C. He urged the public to know more about space.

D. He had a rich knowledge of space in the 1670s.

29.Which of the following might Wilkins agree with?

A. The air on the moon is not fit for human beings.

B. People don’t need to eat things on the moon.

C. Earth’s magnetism can be changed easily.

D. Oxygen doesn’t exist in outer space.

30.What can be concluded from Paragraphs 2 & 3?

A.Wilkins had prepared a lot in theory.

B.Wilkins was ready for his moon-landing.

C.Wilkins made a great contribution to philosophy.

D.Wilkins was the greatest natural philosopher in history.

31.What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A. To honor a great scientist.

B. To encourage studies on outer space.

C. To introduce an early attempt of moon-landing.

D. To inform people of the knowledge about the universe.

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