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高三语法填空Household garbage sorting and recycling has

时间:2019-10-07 16:21  作者:Edmond  来源:www.2abc8.com

Household garbage sorting and recycling has become a hot topic in Shanghai because of China’ s first compulsive garbage-separation law   61   every household and institution shall classify waste into four   62  (category). Those who fail to sort garbage may   63  (fine) up to 200 yuan.

Previously, everything went into one bin, so this change has made many people very   64__  (worry), who said they were struggling to master the details quickly.

Now thanks to the efforts of   65   number of young programmers, discovering the proper classification for each piece of household waste has become as simple as taking a photo   66__   calling someone using your smartphone.

    They have applied speech and image recognition technologies   67   apps and other smartphone services to guide Shanghai residents through the garbage-separation rules.

    Most of the apps and services, which   68   (begin) springing up last month in app stores, on messaging tool WeChat and mobile payment service Alipay, allow users to type in the name of waste   69  (identify) which category it belongs to. Many apps also use speech and image recognition to make the process much easier, but their creators say they will disappear in time with the Chinese   70  (become) more accustomed to the rules.

答案

文章大意:本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了上海实行垃圾分类的情况,针对人们的困惑,不仅政府组织宣传活动 而且技术人员也研发出app来帮助人们进行正确的垃圾分类。


61.答案 that


命题透析考查同位语从句。


思路点拨根据结构可知,law后面是同位语从句,用来解释“law”的具体内容,而从句中不缺少成分,所以填


that。


答案 categories 命题透析考查名词单复数。


思路点拨根据空前的“four”可以判断,应该填名词复数形式。


63.答案 be fined


命题透析考查被动语态。


思路点拨根据句意判断此处是表示被动含义,所以应该用其被动形式。


64.答案 worried


命题透析考查词性转换。


思路点拨在“make +宾语+宾补”结构中,应该用形容词作补语,说明宾语的状况。


65.答案a


命题透析考查冠词。


思路点拨根据句意可知,此处表示“很多,大量”,应该用a number of。


66.答案or


命题透析考查连词。


思路点拨根据句意判断,在句中“拍照” (taking a photo)和“对着手机说话” (calling someone using your smartphone)两个动作之间是选择关系。


67.答案to


命题透析考查介词。


思路点拨 apply... to…意为“把……应用于……”。


68.答案 began


命题透析考查动词时态。


思路点拨根据时间状语“last month”判断,应该用一般过去时,所以谓语动词应该用过去式。

69.答案 to identify


命题透析考查非谓语动词。 思路点拨根据句意判断,空格处内容应该是表示“输人垃圾名字(type in the name of waste) ”的目的,故用不 定式。


70.答案 becoming


命题透析考查非谓语动词。


思路点拨从结构判断,此处是“with +宾语+宾补”结构,其中宾语the Chinese和动词become之间是主动关系,故用现在分词形式。


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